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Molecular Hydrogen: Unveiling its Therapeutic Potential and Mechanisms of Action

Molecular Hydrogen: Unveiling its Therapeutic Potential and Mechanisms of Action

Molecular hydrogen, often represented as H2, is a simple diatomic molecule that has garnered significant attention in the realms of science and medicine. While its basic structure might suggest simplicity, the therapeutic potential and diverse applications of H2 have made it a focal point of research and exploration.

At its core, molecular hydrogen is a tasteless, odourless and flammable gas. Yet, beyond these fundamental properties lies a world of therapeutic possibilities that have been hinted at in over 2,000 scientific studies. These studies span a wide range of human and animal disease models, suggesting that H2's influence is vast and its potential applications are expansive.

The importance of molecular hydrogen in the medical and scientific community cannot be understated. As researchers delve deeper into its mechanisms of action and potential benefits, there's a growing realisation that H2 might hold the key to addressing various health challenges. Its role in reducing oxidative stress, modulating signal transduction and influencing gene expression has opened up avenues of research that were previously unexplored.

This article aims to provide an in-depth exploration of molecular hydrogen, from its basic properties to its therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action. Through this journey, we will unveil the mysteries of H2 and shed light on why it has become a subject of such intense interest and study.

Historical Perspective

The intrigue surrounding molecular hydrogen is not a recent phenomenon. Its potential as a medical gas has been a subject of curiosity and study for decades, with roots tracing back to the mid-20th century.

  • Early Discoveries: One of the pioneering studies on hydrogen as a medical gas was conducted in 1975 by Dole and colleagues from Baylor University and Texas A&M. Published in the esteemed journal Science, their work highlighted the potential therapeutic applications of hyperbaric hydrogen in treating skin tumours. This groundbreaking study laid the foundation for subsequent research, hinting at the vast potential of H2 in medical applications.
  • Evolution of Research: Over the years, the scope of molecular hydrogen research expanded exponentially. From initial studies focusing on its potential anti-tumor properties, the research spectrum broadened to explore H2's role in combating oxidative stress, inflammation and various other pathological conditions. By the turn of the century, molecular hydrogen was being studied in relation to over 170 different human and animal disease models.
  • Growing Recognition: As the body of evidence grew, so did the recognition of molecular hydrogen's therapeutic potential. Prestigious scientific journals began publishing research on H2 and academic conferences started dedicating sessions to its exploration. The establishment of institutions like the Molecular Hydrogen Institute further underscored the importance of this molecule, providing platforms for collaboration, education and advancement of H2 research.
  • Modern-Day Applications: Today, molecular hydrogen is not just confined to research labs. Its applications have permeated various sectors of healthcare, from therapeutic treatments in hospitals to wellness products in the consumer market. The journey of H2, from a simple diatomic molecule to a potential therapeutic powerhouse, is a testament to the relentless pursuit of knowledge and the transformative power of scientific research.

What is Molecular Hydrogen?

Molecular hydrogen, denoted as H2, might seem deceptively simple at first glance. Comprising two hydrogen atoms bonded together, it's the smallest and most fundamental molecule in existence. Yet, beneath this simplicity lies a world of complexity and potential.

Basic Properties:

  • Physical Attributes: H2 is a colourless, tasteless and odourless gas under standard conditions. It's also highly flammable, which has made it a valuable resource in various industries beyond healthcare.
  • Chemical Characteristics: As a diatomic molecule, H2 is neutral, meaning it doesn't carry a charge. Its small size and neutral charge allow it to penetrate cellular membranes with ease, making it bioavailable and effective in various therapeutic applications.

Distinction from Other Forms of Hydrogen:

  • Atomic Hydrogen: Consists of individual hydrogen atoms. It's highly reactive and is rarely found in nature in its isolated form.
  • Hydrides: These are compounds in which hydrogen is bonded with another, more electronegative element. Examples include water (H2O) and methane (CH4).
  • Hydrogen Ions: These are charged species of hydrogen, including the proton (H+) and the hydride ion (H-). They play crucial roles in various chemical and biological processes but are distinct from neutral molecular hydrogen.
  • Natural Occurrence: While H2 is abundant in the universe, its concentration in Earth's atmosphere is minuscule, making up less than 0.00005% by volume. However, it's produced biologically in the gut through the fermentation of non-digestible carbohydrates.
  • Therapeutic Mechanisms: Molecular hydrogen's therapeutic potential stems from its unique properties. Its ability to reduce oxidative stress, modulate signalling pathways and influence gene expression has been the subject of extensive research. These mechanisms, which will be explored in detail in subsequent sections, underscore H2's versatility and efficacy in addressing a myriad of health challenges.

Therapeutic Potential of Molecular Hydrogen

The therapeutic promise of molecular hydrogen has been a focal point of scientific exploration for decades. Its multifaceted benefits span across a myriad of health conditions, making it a versatile and potent therapeutic agent.

Broad Spectrum of Research: 

  • Volume of Studies: Over 2,000 scientific studies have delved into the therapeutic potential of H2. These studies encompass a diverse range of methodologies, from in-vitro experiments to clinical trials.
  • Disease Models: The research on molecular hydrogen isn't limited to a specific ailment. It has been studied in relation to over 170 different human and animal disease models, showcasing its broad applicability.

Key Therapeutic Benefits:

  • Antioxidant Properties: One of the most celebrated benefits of H2 is its ability to combat oxidative stress. By selectively neutralising harmful free radicals, molecular hydrogen can protect cells from damage and support overall health.
  • Anti-inflammatory Effects: Chronic inflammation is a root cause of many diseases. H2 has shown promise in modulating inflammatory responses, potentially offering relief in conditions like arthritis, asthma and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Neuroprotective Abilities: Preliminary studies suggest that H2 might protect the brain from damage in conditions like Alzheimer's disease, stroke and traumatic brain injuries.
  • Metabolic Support: Molecular hydrogen has been explored for its potential benefits in metabolic disorders, including diabetes and obesity. It may support healthy metabolism by influencing pathways related to glucose and lipid metabolism.

Real-World Applications:

  • Medical Therapies: In certain countries, H2-infused solutions are used in medical settings to treat conditions like ischemia-reperfusion injuries and sepsis.
  • Wellness Products: The consumer market has seen a surge in H2-based products, from hydrogen-infused water to inhalation devices. These products aim to harness the therapeutic benefits of molecular hydrogen for everyday wellness.

Safety Profile:

  • One of the standout attributes of molecular hydrogen is its safety. Being a natural component of the human body, especially produced in the gut, H2 exhibits a favourable safety profile. Even in high concentrations, it doesn't pose significant adverse effects, making it a promising candidate for various therapeutic applications.

Mechanisms of Action

The therapeutic prowess of molecular hydrogen isn't just a result of its inherent properties, but also stems from its intricate interactions with various biological pathways. Delving into these mechanisms offers insights into how H2 exerts its multifaceted benefits.

Combating Oxidative Stress:

  • Selective Antioxidant: Unlike many antioxidants that neutralise all free radicals, H2 is selective. It primarily targets the hydroxyl radical (•OH), one of the most reactive and damaging free radicals, without affecting beneficial signalling radicals.
  • Redox Homeostasis: H2 plays a role in maintaining the balance between oxidants and antioxidants in the body, crucial for cellular health and function.

Modulating Signal Transduction:

  • Gaseous-signalling Molecules: H2 belongs to a class of gaseous-signalling molecules, which also includes nitric oxide (NO•), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S). These molecules play pivotal roles in transmitting signals within cells, influencing processes like inflammation, vasodilation and neurotransmission.
  • Influence on Protein Phosphorylation: Molecular hydrogen can modulate the addition or removal of phosphate groups from proteins, a process crucial for activating or deactivating many cellular functions.

Gene Expression and Transcriptional Regulation:

  • Nrf2 Pathway Activation: H2 can activate the Nrf2 pathway, a master regulator of antioxidant response. This leads to the upregulation of various antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase.
  • Anti-inflammatory Genes: Molecular hydrogen can downregulate pro-inflammatory genes, reducing the production of inflammatory cytokines and mediators.

Cellular Protection:

  • Anti-apoptotic Effects: H2 has shown potential in protecting cells from programmed cell death (apoptosis), especially under conditions of stress or injury.
  • Mitochondrial Support: The mitochondria, often termed the powerhouse of the cell, can benefit from H2. Molecular hydrogen may enhance mitochondrial function, boost energy production and reduce mitochondrial-induced oxidative stress.

Interactions with Other Molecules:

  • Synergistic Effects: In certain scenarios, H2 can work synergistically with other molecules or treatments, amplifying therapeutic outcomes. For instance, combining H2 with other antioxidants or therapeutic gases might offer enhanced benefits in specific conditions.

Misconceptions and Clarifications

With the rising interest in molecular hydrogen, there's been a surge in information, both accurate and misleading. It's essential to address common misconceptions to ensure a clear understanding of H2's true potential and limitations.

Alkaline vs. Alkalinity: 

  • The Confusion: Many discussions around hydrogen-rich water conflate the terms "alkaline" and "alkalinity." While they sound similar, they refer to different concepts.
  • Clarification: "Alkaline" refers to a solution's pH level, indicating its acidity or basicity. "Alkalinity," on the other hand, measures a solution's ability to neutralise acids. While molecular hydrogen can be present in alkaline water, its therapeutic effects are not directly tied to the water's pH.

Source of Hydrogen:

  • The Confusion: A common misconception is that any form of hydrogen, including that from water electrolysis or metal-based reactions, offers the same therapeutic benefits.
  • Clarification: The therapeutic potential of H2 is specific to molecular hydrogen. Other forms or sources of hydrogen might not offer the same health benefits and could even pose risks.

Concentration vs. Saturation:

  • The Confusion: There's often a mix-up between the concentration of H2 in a solution and its saturation point.
  • Clarification: While concentration refers to the amount of H2 dissolved in a solution, saturation denotes the maximum amount of H2 a solution can hold at a given temperature and pressure. Therapeutic effects might require specific concentrations, not necessarily saturation.

Safety and Dosage:

  • The Confusion: Given H2's benefits, there's a notion that "more is always better."
  • Clarification: While molecular hydrogen exhibits a favourable safety profile, it's essential to adhere to recommended dosages and concentrations. Excessive intake doesn't necessarily amplify benefits and could lead to unforeseen complications.

Therapeutic Universality:

  • The Confusion: Some believe that H2 is a "cure-all" solution for all health ailments.
  • Clarification: While molecular hydrogen has a broad spectrum of therapeutic applications, it's not a panacea. Its benefits are specific to certain conditions and mechanisms and it should be considered as part of a comprehensive health strategy.

Molecular Hydrogen Education and Certifications

As the therapeutic potential of molecular hydrogen gains recognition, there's a growing need for structured education and certification programs. These initiatives ensure that information about H2 is disseminated accurately, fostering a community of well-informed professionals and enthusiasts.

The Role of the Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI):

  • Pioneering Education: MHI stands at the forefront of hydrogen education, offering structured programs that delve deep into the science and application of molecular hydrogen.
  • Collaborative Research: Beyond education, MHI collaborates with universities and institutions worldwide, advancing research on molecular hydrogen and its myriad applications.

MHI Certification Programs:

  • H2 Apprentice: Designed for beginners, this course offers a foundational understanding of molecular hydrogen. It's an excellent starting point for those new to the field, ensuring a solid grasp of core concepts.
  • H2 Advisor (Level 1): This certification delves into the essentials of molecular hydrogen, covering background information in science, chemistry and therapeutic recommendations.

  • H2 Consultant (Level 2): Building on Level 1, this certification addresses common misconceptions, dives deeper into chemistry, and offers insights into hydrogen therapy, including dosage and concentration.
  • H2 Professional (Level 3): Aimed at those deeply involved in the hydrogen industry, this certification is paramount for sellers, distributors, medical professionals, researchers and anyone serious about hydrogen therapy.
  • H2 Expert (Level 4): This intensive certification fosters abstract thinking, problem-solving and a comprehensive understanding of all previous material. It culminates in a collaboration with the MHI founder to publish a peer-reviewed article.

Importance of Proper Education:

  • Combating Misinformation: With the rise in popularity of molecular hydrogen, there's an influx of misinformation. Proper education ensures that individuals can discern fact from fiction.
  • Empowering Professionals: For those in the healthcare and wellness sectors, such as doctors, nutritionists, trainers, and wellness coaches, a deep understanding of H2 is crucial. MHI's certification programs equip them with the knowledge to advise patients and clients accurately.

The Future of Hydrogen Education 

  • Expanding Reach: As the benefits of molecular hydrogen become more widely recognized, there's a growing demand for education. Future initiatives might include online courses, workshops and collaborative research projects.
  • Maintaining Industry Integrity: Through structured education and certification programs, the integrity and credibility of the molecular hydrogen industry can be upheld, ensuring that the public receives accurate and reliable information.

Current Research and Collaborations

The landscape of molecular hydrogen research is dynamic and ever-evolving. With each passing year, new discoveries are made and our understanding of H2's therapeutic potential deepens. Collaborative efforts play a pivotal role in this journey, propelling the field forward.

Collaborations with Universities and Institutions:

  • Global Reach: The Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI) has forged partnerships with universities and research institutions worldwide. These collaborations span continents, from North America to Asia, ensuring a diverse and comprehensive approach to research.
  • Interdisciplinary Approach: Collaborative research often brings together experts from various fields, from biochemists to medical doctors. This interdisciplinary approach ensures a holistic understanding of molecular hydrogen and its applications.

Highlights of Groundbreaking Research:

  • Neurological Disorders: Recent studies have delved into H2's potential in conditions like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and traumatic brain injuries. Preliminary findings suggest neuroprotective effects, opening avenues for potential therapeutic applications.
  • Cardiovascular Health: Research has explored the role of molecular hydrogen in conditions like atherosclerosis, hypertension and ischemia-reperfusion injuries. The findings hint at H2's potential in supporting heart health and improving vascular function.
  • Metabolic Disorders: Molecular hydrogen's influence on metabolic pathways has been a subject of study, with research exploring its potential benefits in conditions like diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Innovative Applications:

  • H2 in Sports and Fitness: Athletes and fitness enthusiasts are turning to molecular hydrogen for its potential benefits in recovery, performance enhancement and combating oxidative stress induced by intense physical activity.
  • Dermatological Research: Preliminary studies suggest that H2 might offer benefits for skin health, potentially aiding in conditions like atopic dermatitis, ageing and UV-induced damage.

Challenges and Limitations:

  • Standardisation: One of the challenges in H2 research is the lack of standardised protocols, especially concerning dosage, concentration and administration methods.
  • Clinical Trials: While there's a plethora of preclinical studies on molecular hydrogen, there's a need for more extensive, well-designed clinical trials to validate findings and ensure their applicability in real-world scenarios.

The Future of Molecular Hydrogen Research

As we stand on the cusp of numerous scientific breakthroughs, the future of molecular hydrogen research appears promising. The journey thus far has been enlightening, but there's still much to uncover and understand about this remarkable molecule.

Predictions for the Coming Years: 

  • Expanded Clinical Trials: The next decade is likely to witness an upsurge in clinical trials focusing on molecular hydrogen. These trials will be pivotal in translating laboratory findings into practical therapeutic applications.
  • Personalised Therapies: With advancements in genomics and personalised medicine, we might see tailored H2 therapies designed to cater to individual needs, based on genetic makeup and specific health profiles.
  • Technological Innovations: The way we administer and utilise molecular hydrogen will evolve. From advanced inhalation devices to innovative delivery systems, technology will play a crucial role in harnessing H2's therapeutic potential.

Potential Challenges:

  • Regulatory Hurdles: As with any therapeutic agent, molecular hydrogen will face regulatory challenges. Ensuring its safety, efficacy and quality will be paramount for its widespread acceptance and use.
  • Public Perception: While the scientific community is abuzz with the potential of H2, there's a need to educate the public accurately. Combatting misconceptions and ensuring that the benefits of molecular hydrogen are communicated effectively will be crucial.

Areas of Focus: 

  • Paediatric and Geriatric Applications: Research might delve deeper into the potential benefits of H2 for specific age groups, particularly children and the elderly.
  • Mental Health: Given the preliminary findings related to H2's neuroprotective effects, there's potential for research focusing on conditions like depression, anxiety and other mental health disorders.
  • Environmental Impact: As the use of molecular hydrogen expands, its environmental impact, particularly concerning production and disposal, will come into focus. Sustainable practices will be essential.

Collaborative Endeavours:

  • Interdisciplinary Research: The future will likely see collaborations between biochemists, medical professionals, technologists and environmental scientists, ensuring a holistic approach to H2 research.
  • Global Partnerships: As the significance of molecular hydrogen transcends borders, global partnerships will be pivotal. Sharing knowledge, resources and expertise will accelerate the pace of discovery and application.


The journey into the world of molecular hydrogen has been nothing short of enlightening. From its humble beginnings as a simple diatomic molecule to its current status as a potential therapeutic powerhouse, H2 has captivated the scientific and medical communities alike.

The vast body of research, spanning over 2,000 studies, paints a picture of a molecule with immense potential. Its ability to combat oxidative stress, modulate cellular signalling, influence gene expression and offer therapeutic benefits across a spectrum of human and animal disease models is truly remarkable.

However, as with any scientific endeavour, the path forward is paved with challenges. The need for standardised research protocols, comprehensive clinical trials and effective communication strategies is evident. But with these challenges come opportunities – opportunities for innovation, collaboration and discovery.

The Molecular Hydrogen Institute, along with numerous researchers, institutions, and enthusiasts worldwide, stands at the forefront of this exploration. Their collective efforts are driving the field forward, ensuring that the benefits of H2 are harnessed effectively and safely. 

As we conclude this deep dive into molecular hydrogen, it's evident that the journey is far from over. The future holds promise, and with continued research, collaboration and education, the full therapeutic potential of molecular hydrogen will undoubtedly be unveiled.

Discover the transformative power of hydration and quality nutrition with Water for Health's exclusive range of molecular hydrogen productsalkaline water filters, superfood powders, and premium supplements, tailored to elevate your wellbeing.

Further Reading

For those who wish to delve deeper into the world of molecular hydrogen, its therapeutic potential, and the science behind it, the following resources offer a wealth of informatio

Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI) - Research Articles:

  • A comprehensive collection of articles that explore various facets of molecular hydrogen, from its therapeutic applications to the underlying science.
  • Read more at MHI's Research Articles       

About Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI):

  • Learn more about the Molecular Hydrogen Institute, its mission, objectives and the team behind it. This resource provides insights into MHI's role in advancing research, education and awareness about molecular hydrogen.
  • Discover more about MHI

Recent Advances in Molecular Hydrogen Research Reducing Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress and Inflammation:  

  • This article delves into the effects of molecular hydrogen in reducing oxidative stress and inflammation induced by physical exercise. It provides a comprehensive review of the current knowledge on the topic, citing data from both animal and human studies.
  • Read the full article on PubMed

Molecular hydrogen: a therapeutic antioxidant and beyond:

  • An exploration of molecular hydrogen's role as a therapeutic antioxidant, this article sheds light on its potential applications in various diseases.
  • Access the article on PubMed

Trend of research on the medical use of molecular hydrogen: a bibliometric analysis:  

  • This bibliometric analysis offers a unique perspective on the trends in medical research concerning molecular hydrogen. It provides a comprehensive overview of the publications and their impact in the field.
  • Explore the analysis on PubMed

These resources serve as a comprehensive guide for those interested in understanding the therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action of molecular hydrogen in various health contexts.

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Quercetin: The Unsung Antioxidant Hero You Should Know About

Quercetin: The Unsung Antioxidant Hero You Should Know About

In the vast world of health and nutrition, antioxidants have emerged as the unsung heroes, tirelessly fighting against free radicals and protecting our cells from oxidative stress. These naturally occurring compounds, found in a variety of foods and plants, play a pivotal role in maintaining our overall health and preventing a range of chronic diseases. While many of us are familiar with popular antioxidants like Vitamin C and Vitamin E, there exists a plethora of lesser-known but equally potent compounds that deserve our attention. One such antioxidant is Quercetin.

Quercetin, a vibrant yellow compound found in many of our everyday foods, might not be a household name, but its benefits are nothing short of remarkable. As a flavonoid, a class of polyphenols, Quercetin boasts a range of health-promoting properties that can rival, if not surpass, some of its more famous counterparts. Yet, despite its potential, it remains under the radar for many health enthusiasts.

In this article, we'll delve deep into the world of Quercetin, shedding light on its origins, benefits and the reasons why it should be a staple in our dietary regimen. So, buckle up and get ready to be introduced to the antioxidant world's hidden gem.

What is Quercetin?

At its core, Quercetin is a naturally occurring flavonoid, a type of polyphenol, that imparts colour to many fruits, vegetables and flowers. Its vibrant yellow hue can be seen in a variety of plants, making it not just a beneficial compound but also a contributor to the beauty of nature.

Definition and Basic Properties

  • Chemical Structure: Quercetin belongs to the flavonol subgroup of flavonoids, characterised by its distinct molecular structure.
  • Solubility: It is primarily water-soluble, which allows it to be easily absorbed by the body when consumed through dietary sources.
  • Antioxidant Power: As an antioxidant, Quercetin neutralises free radicals, unstable molecules that can damage cells, proteins and DNA in our bodies.

Natural Sources: Foods and Plants Rich in Quercetin

  • Fruits: Apples, especially in the skin, are one of the primary sources of Quercetin. Berries, grapes and citrus fruits also contain significant amounts.
  • Vegetables: Onions, particularly red onions, are rich in this flavonoid. Other vegetables like broccoli, kale and tomatoes also offer a good dose.
  • Herbs and Spices: Capers, lovage and sumac are among the herbs and spices that contain Quercetin.
  • Beverages: Green tea and red wine, consumed in moderation, can be a source of this antioxidant.
  • Grains: Some whole grains, like buckwheat, also contain Quercetin.

Understanding the natural sources of Quercetin is crucial for those looking to incorporate it into their diets. Not only does it provide an opportunity to enjoy a variety of delicious foods, but it also ensures a holistic approach to health, combining the benefits of Quercetin with other nutrients present in these foods.

Historical Context

The journey of Quercetin, from its discovery to its current status in the health community, is a testament to the ever-evolving understanding of natural compounds and their impact on human health.

Discovery and Early Research on Quercetin 

  • Origins: The name "Quercetin" is derived from the Latin word "quercetum," meaning oak forest. This is a nod to the oak tree, one of the early sources from which Quercetin was isolated in the 19th century.
  • Initial Studies: Early research primarily focused on the compound's chemical structure and properties. It wasn't until the 20th century that scientists began to explore its potential health benefits in depth.

Traditional Uses in Herbal Medicine

  • Ancient Practices: Long before its formal discovery, Quercetin-rich plants were used in traditional medicine systems across the world. For instance, onions and apples, both rich in Quercetin, have been consumed for their perceived health benefits for centuries.
  • Herbal Remedies: In various cultures, herbs containing Quercetin were used to treat conditions ranging from inflammation and allergies to cardiovascular issues. These traditional uses laid the groundwork for modern research into the compound's therapeutic potential.

Evolution of Quercetin's Reputation

  • From Obscurity to Recognition: For much of its known history, Quercetin remained a compound of interest primarily to chemists. However, as research expanded, its health benefits began to gain recognition in the broader scientific community.
  • Modern Day: Today, Quercetin is the subject of numerous studies exploring its potential in areas like anti-aging, athletic performance and disease prevention. Its transition from a mere chemical compound to a sought-after health supplement is a remarkable evolution.

In retracing the history of Quercetin, we gain a deeper appreciation for the intricate relationship between humans and the natural world. The story of this antioxidant reminds us that nature, with its vast array of compounds, continues to offer solutions and insights into our health and well-being.

Health Benefits of Quercetin

Quercetin's rise in the health and wellness community is not without reason. This potent flavonoid boasts a myriad of health benefits, some of which have been known for centuries, while others are the focus of cutting-edge research.

Anti-inflammatory Properties

  • Nature's Defence: Quercetin has been shown to reduce inflammation, a natural defence mechanism of the body that can sometimes become chronic and lead to various health issues.
  • Applications: Its anti-inflammatory effects can be beneficial for conditions like arthritis, asthma and inflammatory bowel diseases.

Cardiovascular Health

  • Heart Protection: Quercetin aids in improving blood vessel function and reducing blood pressure, both crucial for heart health.
  • Cholesterol Regulation: Studies suggest that Quercetin can help reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol, thereby promoting a healthy cardiovascular system.

Antiviral and Antibacterial Effects

  • Natural Shield: Quercetin has demonstrated antiviral properties against a range of viruses, making it a potential ally in fighting viral infections.
  • Bacterial Defence: Beyond viruses, Quercetin also exhibits antibacterial activity, offering protection against certain bacterial strains.

Allergy Relief

  • Histamine Regulation: Quercetin can help stabilise mast cells, which release histamine, a compound responsible for allergy symptoms. This makes it a potential natural remedy for allergies.
  • Seasonal Allergies: Its antihistamine properties can be particularly beneficial during allergy seasons, offering relief from symptoms like sneezing, itching and nasal congestion.

The myriad health benefits of Quercetin underscore its significance in the realm of natural remedies. As research continues, it's likely that even more therapeutic properties of this antioxidant will come to light, solidifying its status as a powerhouse in holistic health.

Mechanisms of Action

To truly appreciate the benefits of Quercetin, it's essential to understand how it works at the cellular and molecular levels. This section delves into the mechanisms through which Quercetin exerts its health-promoting effects.

Antioxidant Mechanism

  • Neutralising Free Radicals: At its core, Quercetin's primary role as an antioxidant involves neutralising free radicals, unstable molecules that can damage cellular structures.
  • Protection Against Oxidative Stress: By combating free radicals, Quercetin helps protect cells from oxidative stress, a major contributor to ageing and various diseases.

Modulation of Cellular Pathways

  • Enzyme Regulation: Quercetin can influence the activity of certain enzymes, either enhancing or inhibiting their function, which plays a role in its anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects.
  • Gene Expression: Some of Quercetin's benefits, especially in cancer prevention, stem from its ability to influence gene expression, thereby affecting cell behaviour.

Interaction with Membranes and Proteins

  • Cell Membrane Interaction: Quercetin can integrate into cell membranes, influencing their fluidity and function, which can impact cell signalling and protection.
  • Protein Binding: By binding to specific proteins, Quercetin can modulate their activity, leading to various therapeutic effects.

Immune System Modulation

  • Boosting Immune Response: Quercetin has been shown to enhance the body's immune response, making it more effective in warding off infections.
  • Regulation of Inflammatory Molecules: It can also regulate the release of pro-inflammatory molecules, helping to control inflammation at the cellular level.

Interaction with Other Antioxidants and Compounds

  • Synergistic Effects: When combined with other antioxidants, like Vitamin C, Quercetin's efficacy can be enhanced, leading to a more potent antioxidant effect.
  • Bioavailability Enhancement: Certain compounds can increase the absorption and utilisation of Quercetin in the body, maximising its benefits.

Understanding the mechanisms of action provides a deeper insight into Quercetin's multifaceted role in health. It's not just about the benefits it offers, but the intricate ways in which it interacts with our body's systems to promote overall well-being.

Comparing Quercetin to Other Antioxidants

In the vast landscape of antioxidants, each compound has its unique strengths and properties. While Quercetin is undoubtedly powerful, understanding how it stacks up against other well-known antioxidants can provide a clearer picture of its place in the antioxidant hierarchy.

Quercetin vs. Vitamin C

  • Similarities: Both are potent antioxidants that protect cells from oxidative damage. They also both play roles in supporting the immune system.
  • Differences: While Vitamin C is water-soluble and needs regular replenishment, Quercetin is both water and fat-soluble, allowing it to be stored in the body longer. Additionally, Quercetin has a broader range of anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties.

Quercetin vs. Vitamin E

  • Similarities: Both are antioxidants that protect cell membranes from oxidative damage.
  • Differences: Vitamin E is primarily fat-soluble and is especially known for its skin health benefits. Quercetin, on the other hand, has a more diverse range of health benefits, including its antihistamine and antiviral properties.

Quercetin vs. Beta-Carotene

  • Similarities: Both compounds are found in fruits and vegetables and offer antioxidant protection.
  • Differences: Beta-Carotene is a precursor to Vitamin A and is essential for vision and skin health. Quercetin, while not involved in vision, has a broader spectrum of anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties.

Quercetin vs. Resveratrol

  • Similarities: Both are plant-based antioxidants known for their heart health benefits and potential anti-aging effects.
  • Differences: Resveratrol, often associated with red wine, has been studied for its potential lifespan-extending properties. Quercetin, while also beneficial for cardiovascular health, has a more pronounced effect on inflammation and allergies.

Unique Strengths of Quercetin

  • Broad-Spectrum Benefits: Few antioxidants offer the range of benefits that Quercetin does, from antiviral to anti-allergy effects.
  • Synergistic Effects: Quercetin's ability to enhance the effects of other antioxidants, like Vitamin C, makes it a valuable component in holistic health approaches. 

In the grand scheme of antioxidants, Quercetin holds its own as a versatile and potent compound. While comparisons can be made, each antioxidant, including Quercetin, has a unique role to play in promoting health and wellness.

Safety and Dosage

While the health benefits of Quercetin are numerous, it's essential to approach its consumption with an understanding of safety and recommended dosages. Like any compound, the key lies in moderation and informed use.

Recommended Daily Intake

  • Dietary Sources: For those obtaining Quercetin through natural dietary sources like fruits and vegetables, there's generally no specific limit. These foods provide Quercetin in amounts that are typically safe for consumption.
  • Supplements: For Quercetin supplements, dosages can vary based on the specific health goal. However, common dosages range from 500 to 1,000 mg per day. Always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplement regimen.

Potential Side Effects

  • General Tolerance: Most people tolerate Quercetin well, especially when consumed through natural food sources.
  • Supplemental Use: In some cases, taking Quercetin supplements might lead to side effects like headaches, stomachaches, or tingling sensations. It's crucial to start with a lower dose to assess tolerance.
  • Interactions: Quercetin may interact with certain medications, including antibiotics and blood pressure drugs. It's essential to discuss with a healthcare provider if you're on medication.

Precautions for Specific Populations

  • Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women: While Quercetin-rich foods are safe, it's advisable for pregnant or breastfeeding women to avoid high doses of Quercetin supplements unless recommended by a healthcare professional.
  • Individuals with Health Conditions: Those with kidney disorders or other specific health conditions should consult with a doctor before taking Quercetin supplements.

Storage and Stability 

  • Shelf Life: Like other supplements, Quercetin has a shelf life. Ensure you check the expiration date and store in a cool, dry place.
  • Stability: Quercetin's potency can diminish over time, especially when exposed to light or heat. Proper storage is essential to maintain its efficacy.

Incorporating Quercetin into one's health regimen can offer numerous benefits, but it's essential to do so safely and responsibly. Being informed about the correct dosages and potential precautions ensures that you reap the benefits while minimising any risks.

Incorporating Quercetin into Your Diet

Harnessing the benefits of Quercetin doesn't require a drastic overhaul of your diet. With a few mindful choices, you can easily integrate this potent antioxidant into your daily meals and snacks.

Tips for Increasing Quercetin Intake through Foods 

  • Diverse Fruits and Veggies: Incorporate a variety of Quercetin-rich foods into your diet, such as apples, onions, berries, and broccoli. Remember, variety is key to a balanced diet.
  • Mind the Skin: Many fruits, like apples and grapes, have higher Quercetin concentrations in their skin. So, think twice before peeling!
  • Cooking Methods: Opt for steaming or sautéing vegetables rather than boiling, as boiling can reduce the Quercetin content.

Supplements: Pros and Cons


  • Convenience: For those who find it challenging to get enough Quercetin through diet alone, supplements offer a convenient alternative.
  • Consistency: Supplements provide a consistent Quercetin dose, ensuring you get the desired amount daily.


  • Absorption: Dietary Quercetin, being in its natural form with other beneficial compounds, might be better absorbed and utilised by the body.
  • Potential Overconsumption: With supplements, there's a risk of consuming too much, leading to potential side effects.

Quercetin-Enhanced Foods and Drinks

  • Fortified Products: Some products, like energy bars or health drinks, are fortified with Quercetin. These can be a good option for those looking to boost their intake.
  • Teas: Drinking teas, especially green tea, can be a flavorful way to consume Quercetin.

Pairing for Enhanced Absorption

  • With Vitamin C: Combining Quercetin with Vitamin C not only enhances its antioxidant effects but may also improve its absorption.
  • Healthy Fats: As Quercetin is partly fat-soluble, consuming it with healthy fats like avocados or olive oil can boost its bioavailability.

Incorporating Quercetin into your diet can be both a delicious and health-boosting endeavour. Whether through natural foods, supplements, or fortified products, there are numerous ways to ensure you're harnessing the full potential of this antioxidant powerhouse.

Future Research and Potential

The journey of understanding Quercetin is far from over. As with many natural compounds, the depth of its potential is vast and researchers continue to explore new avenues where Quercetin might play a transformative role.

Ongoing Studies on Quercetin's Benefits 

  • Brain Health: Preliminary studies suggest that Quercetin may have neuroprotective effects, potentially playing a role in preventing neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's.
  • Athletic Performance: Some research indicates that Quercetin might enhance athletic performance by improving endurance and reducing inflammation post-exercise.
  • Metabolic Health: Quercetin's potential role in regulating blood sugar and combating metabolic syndrome is a growing area of interest.

Potential Future Applications in Medicine and Health

  • Drug Development: Given its diverse health benefits, Quercetin is being explored as a base for developing new drugs, especially in areas like inflammation and viral infections.
  • Topical Applications: With its antioxidant properties, there's interest in incorporating Quercetin into skincare products to combat ageing and protect against environmental damage.
  • Personalised Nutrition: As the field of personalised nutrition grows, Quercetin might be recommended based on individual genetic profiles to maximise its benefits.

Challenges and Considerations in Research

  • Bioavailability: One of the challenges in Quercetin research is its bioavailability. Finding ways to enhance how the body absorbs and utilises it is crucial for its therapeutic applications.
  • Clinical Trials: While many studies highlight Quercetin's potential, more extensive human clinical trials are needed to validate these findings and determine optimal dosages.

The Promise of Quercetin

  • Holistic Health: As people increasingly seek holistic approaches to health, Quercetin, with its multifaceted benefits, is poised to become a staple in natural health regimens.
  • Bridging Tradition and Modernity: Quercetin's roots in traditional medicine, combined with modern research, make it a bridge between ancient wisdom and contemporary science.

The horizon for Quercetin research is expansive and promising. As we continue to uncover its myriad benefits and applications, it's clear that this unsung antioxidant hero will play a significant role in the future of health and wellness.


As we journey through the intricate world of antioxidants, Quercetin stands out as a beacon of potential and promise. Its multifaceted benefits, ranging from anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties to its role in cardiovascular health, make it a compound worthy of attention and exploration.

While it may not yet have the widespread recognition of some of its antioxidant counterparts, the depth of its benefits and the breadth of research surrounding it are undeniable. From its roots in traditional medicine to its promising future in modern health science, Quercetin's journey is a testament to the wonders of nature and the boundless possibilities it offers.

For those seeking to enhance their health holistically, incorporating Quercetin into their dietary regimen can be a transformative step. Whether through vibrant fruits and vegetables, supplements, or fortified products, the avenues to harness its benefits are diverse and accessible.

In conclusion, as we continue to navigate the ever-evolving landscape of health and wellness, Quercetin serves as a reminder of the untapped potential that lies in nature. It beckons us to explore, understand and ultimately benefit from the myriad gifts that the natural world has to offer. Here's to a future where the unsung heroes of the antioxidant world, like Quercetin, receive the recognition and appreciation they truly deserve.

Discover a range of natural health products, from alkaline water filters to superfood powders, tailored to elevate your wellbeing at Water for Health.

Further Reading: Dive Deeper into Quercetin

For readers eager to delve further into the fascinating world of Quercetin, the following resources offer comprehensive insights:

Therapeutic Potential of Quercetin: New Insights and Perspectives for Human Health

  • Overview: This research article delves into the multifaceted therapeutic effects of Quercetin. From its antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties to its potential in combating Alzheimer's and arthritis, the article provides a holistic view of Quercetin's promising bioactive effects.
  • Explore the full article

Overviews of Biological Importance of Quercetin: A Bioactive Flavonoid

  • Overview: A detailed examination of Quercetin as a flavonoid with potent antioxidant properties. The article underscores its potential in safeguarding health and offers insights into its protective role against various diseases.
  • Dive deeper here

Recent Advances in Potential Health Benefits of Quercetin

  • Overview: This article sheds light on the recent discoveries surrounding Quercetin's health benefits. Highlighting its role in inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in various cancer cell lines, it offers a fresh perspective on the antioxidant's potential in cancer prevention and treatment.
  • Read the full study

These resources are instrumental for those keen on understanding the depth and breadth of Quercetin's impact on human health. Whether you're a researcher, health enthusiast, or simply curious, these articles will guide you through the antioxidant's myriad benefits.

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Boost your Health with the Best Quercetin Supplements in the UK

Boost your Health with the Best Quercetin Supplements in the UK

Are you looking for a natural way to support your immune system, reduce inflammation, or ease allergy symptoms?

If so, you’ve come to the right place.

You may have heard about quercetin,

… a flavonoid that’s found in many fruits and vegetables, such as apples, onions, and citrus fruits.

Quercetin has been touted for its many health benefits.

Including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune-boosting properties.

However, getting enough quercetin from your diet alone can be challenging.

That’s why many people turn to quercetin supplements, to boost levels of quercetin in the body.

In this article, we'll explore the various forms of quercetin supplements available on the market.

As well as their potential benefits and drawbacks,

…and answer some common questions about how to take them.

So, whether you're new to quercetin or looking to optimise your supplementation routine, read on to learn more about the many benefits of quercetin.

What does quercetin do for zinc?

One of quercetin’s most interesting properties is that it can help improve the absorption and utilisation of zinc. Zinc is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in biological processes. Such as immune function, wound healing, and protein synthesis. Quercetin can bind to zinc ions and form a complex that’s more easily absorbed by the body. In addition, quercetin can also help prevent the breakdown and excretion of zinc, which can lead to higher levels of zinc in the bloodstream.

Some studies have shown that this combination may be particularly effective in reducing the severity and duration of respiratory infections, such as the common cold and flu. Especially when the supplement contains vitamin C and other bioflavinoids. If you're looking to support your immune system or improve your health, adding a quercetin and zinc supplement to your daily routine may be worth considering. Just be sure to talk to your healthcare provider before starting any new supplements, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking any medication.

Learn more: Depressed, Low Immunity, Acne or Cold Sores? You Might Need Zinc

What is the best form of quercetin to take?

When it comes to quercetin supplements, there are several forms available on the market, including quercetin dihydrate, quercetin glucoside, and quercetin aglycone. Each form has its own unique properties and benefits, so it's a good idea to choose the one that's best suited for your needs.

  • Quercetin dihydrate is the most commonly available form of quercetin and is often used in research studies. It's a stable form of quercetin that’s relatively inexpensive and easy to find in supplement form.

  • Quercetin glucoside, on the other hand, is a form of quercetin that’s bound to a glucose molecule. This form is typically found in fruits and vegetables and is thought to be more easily absorbed by the body than quercetin dihydrate.

  • Quercetin aglycone, also known as quercetin “free form,” is a form of quercetin that is not bound to any other molecule. This form is believed to be the most bioavailable and potent form of quercetin, but it can be more expensive and harder to find in supplement form.

Learn more: Unlock the Power of Quercetin: Discover the Amazing Benefits for Your Health

9 Potential health  benefits of quercetin

Here are 9 of the key health benefits of including more quercetin in your lifestyle routine, backed by science:

  1. Acts as an antioxidant, helping to protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. One of the main causes of ill health in our society is toxic stress. Whether this be from our own cells creating free radicals, or by consuming products containing toxins. Making antioxidants a key tool in our health regime to boost wellness.
  2. May have anti-inflammatory effects, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases. The majority of chronic illnesses are caused in part by inflammation. Making anti-inflammatory products powerful in boosting longevity and health.
  3. Can inhibit histamine release, making it potentially useful for allergy relief. When combined with vitamin C, quercetin is a great tool to reduce inflammation in the respiratory tract. Additionally, it can be used to reduce symptoms of allergies.
  4. May have antiviral properties, helping to fight infections. By boosting immune health, and reducing free radicals we allow our bodies to naturally fight off illness.
  5. Can improve immune system function and balance. Our immune system is a powerful part of the body. Allowing us to fight off any potentially harmful compounds.
  6. May have neuroprotective effects, potentially protecting against cognitive decline. Studies have shown that quercetin can boost brain health and increase cognitive abilities, like learning and memory..
  7. Can help to regulate blood pressure and improve heart health. Some studies have found a significant reduction in blood pressure with the consumption of quercetin.
  8. May have potential anticancer effects, though more research is needed in this area. Some studies have found that quercetin can inhibit tumour growth.
  9. May have hepatoprotective effects, potentially protecting against liver damage and disease.

Learn more: Immune System Boosters: How to Nurture Better Immunity

Is it OK to take quercetin daily?

Many people are interested in taking quercetin supplements to support their overall health and wellbeing. The good news is that quercetin is generally considered safe for most people to take daily as a dietary supplement. However, as with any supplement, it's important to talk to your healthcare provider before starting quercetin supplementation, especially if you have any underlying health conditions, are pregnant or taking any medication.

While quercetin is generally safe, some people may initially experience mild side effects such as headache, stomach upset, or tingling in the arms and legs. These side effects are typically mild and go away on their own. Additionally, it's important to follow the recommended dosage instructions on the label of your quercetin supplement. Taking too much quercetin can potentially cause more serious side effects, such as kidney damage or liver toxicity. As a general rule, it's best to start with a low dose and gradually increase over time if needed.

How much quercetin should I take for immunity?

Quercetin has been shown to have immune-boosting properties, which is why many people are interested in taking it. However, the amount of quercetin that's needed to support immunity can vary depending on a number of factors, such as age, weight, and overall health status. As a general rule, most studies on quercetin have used doses in the range of 500-1000 mg per day for immune support. For most people, we suggest 1-2 300mg capsules per day.

Learn more: What is Immunity: The Six Types of Immunity and Immune Memory

In Conclusion

Quercetin is a natural plant compound with a variety of potential health benefits. While more research is needed to fully understand its effects, some studies suggest that it may help to support immunity, reduce inflammation, and in turn, protect against chronic disease. If you're considering taking a quercetin supplement, it's important to choose a high-quality product from a reputable manufacturer.

Look for a supplement that contains a pure form of quercetin, and avoid products that contain unnecessary fillers or nasty additives. The addition of vitamin C can boost the effects of quercetin. Overall, while quercetin may not be a magic bullet for health and wellness, it's a promising natural compound that could be a valuable addition to a healthy lifestyle. By incorporating quercetin-rich foods into your diet and considering a high-quality quercetin supplement, you can support your overall health and wellbeing.

Written by Rebecca Rychlik, Nutritional Therapist and Homeopath. Follow Rebecca on Instagram, Facebook and Medium, @rebeccabitesback.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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The Benefits of Quercetin: Allergy Prevention & Relief

The Benefits of Quercetin: Allergy Prevention & Relief

Are you one of the millions of people who suffer from seasonal allergies, allergic rhinitis, or peanut allergies?

Do you rely on traditional antihistamine medications to relieve your symptoms?

Or perhaps you’ve been searching for a natural way to reduce your allergies.

If so, you may be interested in learning about an alternative approach to allergy prevention and relief.

Quercetin is a natural compound found in some fruits and vegetables,

It’s been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties,

… making it a promising option for those seeking a natural alternative to traditional antihistamine medication.

In this article, we'll explore the potential benefits of quercetin, how it works, and what the research says about its effectiveness for allergy prevention and relief.

Is quercetin a good antihistamine?

Quercetin is a flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties found in many fruits, vegetables, and dietary supplements. Some research suggests that quercetin may be effective in reducing inflammation and histamine release, making it a promising alternative to traditional antihistamine medications for allergy prevention and relief.

Quercetin works by inhibiting the release of histamine and other inflammatory compounds in the body. Histamine is a chemical produced by the body in response to an allergen, such as pollen or dust, and is responsible for allergy symptoms such as itching, sneezing, and swelling. By reducing the release of histamine, quercetin can help alleviate these symptoms.

Related: How to Fight Hay Fever with Natural Antihistamines

Comparison to traditional antihistamine medications

Traditional antihistamine medications, such as loratadine or cetirizine, work by blocking the action of histamine after it’s been released in the body. While effective in reducing allergy symptoms, these medications can also cause drowsiness, dry mouth, and other side effects. Quercetin, on the other hand, is a natural compound that’s generally well-tolerated and has fewer side effects than traditional antihistamines. Rather than simply blocking the histamine action, quercetin can also reduce congestion, and swelling associated with the allergic reaction.

Several studies have investigated the potential of quercetin as an antihistamine for allergy prevention and relief. One study published in the journal Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research found that quercetin supplementation significantly reduced nasal congestion and itching in patients with seasonal allergies. Another study published in the American Journal of Physiology, Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology found that quercetin reduced the production of inflammatory compounds in the relaxed the airways of mice with allergic asthma. These studies suggest that quercetin may be an effective alternative to traditional antihistamines for allergy prevention and relief.

Related: Asthma & Allergies - How Getting Properly Hydrated Could Help

Your quick guide to using quercetin for allergies

Step 1: Consult with your healthcare provider

Before starting any new supplement regimen, it's essential to consult with your healthcare provider, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking any medication that may interact with quercetin.

Step 2: Choose a reputable brand

Since quercetin supplements are not regulated by the FDA, it's essential to choose a reputable brand that has been third-party tested for purity and potency. Additionally ensure that there are no hidden fillers or nasties.

Step 3: Follow the recommended dosage

The recommended dosage of quercetin supplements varies depending on the brand, but generally, a daily dose of 500-1000mg is recommended for allergy relief. It's important to follow the recommended dosage and not exceed the maximum daily dose, as excessive consumption of quercetin supplements may cause side effects.

Step 4: Take with food

Quercetin supplements are best taken with food to aid in absorption and reduce the risk of gastrointestinal side effects.

Step 5: Be consistent and patient

It may take some time for quercetin supplements to start working, so be patient and consistent with your supplement regimen. It's recommended to take quercetin supplements for at least 4-6 weeks before assessing their effectiveness.

Step 6: Monitor for side effects

While quercetin supplements are generally considered safe for most people, some may experience mild side effects such as headache, upset stomach, or rash. If you experience any adverse effects, discontinue use and consult with your healthcare provider.

By following these simple steps, you can effectively incorporate quercetin supplements into your allergy prevention and relief regimen.

Related: 7 Natural Solutions for Hay Fever and Allergic Rhinitis

Does quercetin affect the brain?

Quercetin has been studied for its potential effects on the brain, and there’s some evidence to suggest that it may have neuroprotective properties. Specifically, research has shown that quercetin may help to protect brain cells from oxidative stress and inflammation, which are two factors that can contribute to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

In addition to its potential neuroprotective effects, quercetin may also have cognitive-enhancing properties. Some studies have suggested that quercetin may improve memory and learning ability in both animals and humans. However, more research is needed to fully understand the effects of quercetin on brain function and cognition.

Related: Nutrition for the Brain: What to Eat for Brain Function, Mood

Is quercetin hard on the liver?

There’s limited research on the potential effects of quercetin on the liver. However, some studies have suggested that quercetin may have hepatoprotective (liver-protecting) properties and could potentially be beneficial for individuals with liver damage or disease. For example, one study in rats found that quercetin supplementation helped to protect against liver damage caused by toxic chemicals. Additionally, another study in mice showed that quercetin supplementation improved liver function and reduced inflammation in animals with liver disease.

While these findings suggest that quercetin may have beneficial effects on the liver, it's important to note that excessive consumption of quercetin supplements may cause side effects such as headache, upset stomach, or rash. Furthermore, individuals with liver disease should consult with their healthcare provider before taking any new supplements, as they may interact with medication or even exacerbate liver damage in some cases.

Learn more: Top Vitamins and Nutrients for Healthy Liver and Kidney Function

In conclusion

Quercetin has been shown to have potential benefits for allergy relief due to its anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties. While more research is needed to fully understand the effects of quercetin on allergies, it could be worth trying for those who are seeking natural remedies for their allergy symptoms. Overall, quercetin may be a promising natural option for those seeking relief from allergies.

Written by Rowanna Watson, who has a passion for natural health. Rowanna is an expert in all areas of holistic health, plant-based nutrition, detoxification Written by best-selling author and integrative nutrition health coach and personal development.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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Unlock the Power of Quercetin: Discover the Amazing Benefits for Your Health

Unlock the Power of Quercetin: Discover the Amazing Benefits for Your Health

Quercetin, a type of plant pigment, also known as a flavonoid, is found in many foods including fruits, vegetables, and herbs.

It's known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and has been the subject of numerous studies exploring its potential health benefits.

You will often find quercetin offered in supplement form where its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties are combined to offer a convenient way to boost your health and well-being.    

In this article, we will cover the benefits of supplementing with Quercetin and how to choose an effective product.

Benefits of Quercetin

Some of the potential benefits of quercetin include:

Powerful Antioxidant 

Antioxidants help to protect our cells from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals are naturally produced by your body, but they can also be generated by exposure to environmental toxins and pollutants.

Over time, this cellular damage can contribute to the development of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and strokes. By acting as an antioxidant, quercetin can help to reduce the impact of these harmful molecules, potentially reducing the risk of developing these chronic conditions.

A study published in the "Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry" found that quercetin has potent antioxidant properties and may protect cells against oxidative stress. (1)


Inflammation is a normal response of the body to injury or infection, but chronic inflammation can contribute to the development of several chronic conditions, including diabetes and kidney disease.

A study published in the "Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry" found that quercetin supplementation reduced inflammation in obese mice. (2)

Quercetin has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects, reducing the production of pro-inflammatory compounds and potentially reducing the risk of chronic inflammation.

Boosts Exercise Performance

In addition to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, quercetin has also been explored for its potential to improve exercise performance.

Research has shown that quercetin supplementation can improve endurance and exercise performance in both animals and humans. It's believed that quercetin's ability to reduce inflammation and improve blood flow may play a role in this benefit.

A study published in the "Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition" found that quercetin supplementation improved endurance and physical performance in cyclists. (3)

Aids Immune Function

Quercetin is also being studied for its potential to improve immune function.

Our immune system plays a crucial role in fighting off infection and disease, and quercetin has been shown to enhance immune function in several animal studies. While more research is needed to determine the extent of this benefit in humans, the results are promising.

Reduces Allergy Symptoms

Finally, quercetin has been explored for its potential to reduce allergy symptoms.

Allergic reactions occur when our immune system overreacts to a normally harmless substance, such as pollen or pet dander. Quercetin has been shown to have anti-allergic effects, reducing the production of histamine and other allergy-related compounds.

Quercetin may be linked with improved heart health

A study posted in the “American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition” investigated the potential health benefits of quercetin and its reduction of cardiovascular disease risk:

Researchers found that quercetin supplementation improved blood pressure and endothelial function in overweight individuals. (4)

Why you should supplement Quercetin

Besides the benefits quercetin provides such as reducing inflammation, enhancing cardiovascular health, and improving exercise performance — supplementing can help ensure adequate intake, especially in cases where dietary sources are inadequate or unavailable.

However,  we always advise you to speak with your doctor or health care provider before starting a supplement regimen or if you are taking any anticoagulant medications or antibiotics, to ensure it is safe and appropriate for  you.

Revitacell Quercetin - Flavonoids Supplement

This powerful Quercetin supplement is combined with Vitamin C and Citrus Bioflavonoids to further enhance its effectiveness. It’s everything you would expect from a high-quality Quercetin and more.

  • 300mg Quercetin per capsule
  • 50mg Vitamin C
  • 50mg Citrus Bioflavonoids
  • Vegan-friendly
  • Zero additives
  • 60 capsules per bottle (1-2 months supply)

Why is Revitacell's Quercetin Different?

This Quercetin supplement is manufactured in the UK and combines Quercetin with Citrus Bioflavonoids and Vitamin C as synergistic ingredients to improve its effectiveness as an anti-inflammatory.

The capsules do not have any additional ingredients that are normally used in capsules such as magnesium stearate.

Pregnant women, breastfeeding women, children and those with kidney disease should not take the product.

The Bottom Line

Quercetin is a plant pigment with many potential health benefits. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, ability to improve exercise performance and immune function, and potential to reduce allergy symptoms make it a powerhouse in the supplement world.  

However, it's important to remember that more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits of quercetin and its role in human health.

As with any dietary supplement, it's best to speak with your healthcare provider before starting to take quercetin to ensure it's safe for you and to determine the right dosage for your needs.

Written by Kieran Higgins, Health Writer.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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What Is N-acetyl-L-cysteine and How Does it Boost Health?

What Is N-acetyl-L-cysteine and How Does it Boost Health?

You may not have heard much about NAC. N-acetyl-L-cysteine, or NAC for short, is a powerful amino acid. It may just be what you need to boost overall health and wellbeing. It’s fascinating because NAC has been used to treat a wide range of ailments. Even in clinical settings. From Schizophrenia to respiratory conditions. As always, our whole body is connected. It seems straight forward, but we often forget this simple fact. This means that a molecule like NAC can impact a wide range of areas of the human body. In this article we’ll explore the science behind NAC, and how it can treat a wide range of health issues.

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Glutathione - The ‘Master Oxidant’ That Helps Detox Your Liver And Much More!

Antioxidants are essential for all living things but glutathione in particular is known to be crucial for overall health and wellbeing. (1) Sadly, many people today have depleted levels of glutathione in their systems for a number of reasons including poor nutrition, chronic stress, environmental factors and age to name but a few. (2)

Being the body's most important antioxidant, it’s vital we take appropriate measures to maintain adequate levels of glutathione. In this article, you’ll find out exactly what glutathione is, what it does to your body, the best form to take it in, and how to make sure your levels never run low.

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Fulvic Acid as a Detoxifier, Antioxidant and Trace Mineral Supplement

Fulvic Acid as a Detoxifier, Antioxidant and Trace Mineral Supplement

Fulvic Acid as a Detoxifier, Antioxidant and Trace Mineral Supplement

Fulvic acid is an easily absorbed supernutrient found in the soil, rock sediment, and bodies of water. It’s formed by the decomposition of plant and animal compounds and is a component of humus.

One of two humic acids, fulvic acid nourishes plants and other living organisms in the soil, passing with ease through cell membranes and carrying nutrients and moisture into them. In fact, this ‘miracle molecule’ can transport dozens of minerals into plant cells.

Humans can also benefit from fulvic acid, which provides many health benefits. It’s becoming increasingly popular due to its electrolyte and mineral profile, antioxidant and detoxification capabilities.

It can also boost nutrient absorption by nurturing gut health and preventing inflammation in the digestive tract.

Fulvic acid aids in detoxification

In aquatic environments, fulvic acid can form complexes that transport and remove heavy metals. It’s believed that the same is possible in humans.

Heavy metals and other toxins enter our bodies through contaminants in food and water, medication, air pollution, dental fillings, household products etc.

Toxic free-floating heavy metal ions or ones bound to metalloproteins can build up in your tissues and cells and starve them of vital nutrients. Fulvic acid attaches to heavy metal ions in your body. It also attracts free radicals and other toxins, chelating or binding to and breaking them down, enabling them to be more easily eliminated.

Research shows that fulvic acid can markedly reduce heavy metals in bodies of water and soil, including copper, nickel and cadmium, by around 90% .

It may also have the potential to neutralise or reduce the harmful effects of radiation .

Another form of toxicity is free radical damage and inflammation. Due to its high antioxidant content, fulvic acid can help to reduce oxidative stress and, consequently, chronic inflammation and disease risk.

Fulvic acid provides trace minerals, aids mineral and nutrient absorption

Fulvic acid is a good source of electrolytes, electrically charged minerals essential for life and a vast range of functions, including immune support, heart, muscle and nerve regulation, cellular health and permeability, and maintaining fluid balance and a healthy blood pH.

Fulvic acid helps with nutrient absorption in general. It improves cellular health and permeability, has a low molecular weight and is readily absorbed, enabling it to enter and deliver minerals into the cells rapidly.

It’s said that a single fulvic acid molecule carries up to 60 times its weight in minerals and other nutrients.

Sadly, modern intensive farming methods strip the soil of trace minerals and other nutrients, which means we consume less than we used to, and ought to, for optimum health.

Fulvic acid can be an effective supplement for replacing these lost nutrients, ensuring we are getting enough.

By improving absorption and providing an array of nutrients, including pre and probiotics and silica, fulvic acid helps to nourish the gut, enhancing its bacteria profile, integrity and function. 

Aside from protecting your immunity, mental health and preventing disease, improved gut health also reduces digestive complaints, including constipation, diarrhoea and bloating.

Interestingly, symptoms of low electrolyte balance can include diarrhoea, constipation, cramping and nausea.

Fulvic acid is a potent antioxidant

Modern life exposes us to a constantly increasing amount of environmental toxins. Combined with ill health, poor diet, lack of sleep and stress, this can increase free radical damage, toxicity, inflammation and disease. 

Fulvic acid’s ability to detoxify heavy metals and other toxins, plus its impressive antioxidant power, can counter and reduce the risk of excess free radicals.

Its capacity for decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation can help slow down ageing, and it may also have anti-cancer properties, including colorectal cancer. 

Fulvic acid is known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and memory-enhancing properties and may help to protect brain function.

Free radical damage is a contributing factor for Alzheimer’s , and some researchers have considered the development of fulvic acid as a natural treatment for this tragic disease.

Aside from its antioxidant properties, fulvic acid can also inhibit tau protein, another contributing factor of Alzheimer’s, and it may help slow down or halt disease progression.

The antioxidant profile and consequent anti-inflammatory effects of fulvic acid may help to improve several skin conditions. One study showed that topical application of fulvic acid significantly improved eczema (more successfully than other conventional emollients used in the trial). 

Thanks to the electrolytes, antioxidants and collagen-boosting silica it provides, along with its superior nutrient delivery system, fulvic acid also has anti-ageing benefits for the skin, encouraging tissue elasticity and a healthy, hydrated complexion.

Oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and disease are linked. Oxidative stress is essentially an imbalance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) compared to having enough antioxidants to neutralise them, leading to cellular dysfunction, damage, and possible cell death.

Fulvic acid can isolate superoxide

radicals and other reactive oxygen species outside of the cells. It also works inside the cells, uncoupling the electron transport chain in the mitochondria (cell powerhouses), which is linked with lowering ROS production

At the same time as decreasing cell damage, fulvic acid may also increase the production of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase.


Fulvic acid’s ability to detoxify heavy metals and other toxins, plus its impressive antioxidant power, can counter and reduce the risk of excess free radicals

We’re gradually learning more about the health benefits and healing properties of fulvic acid. It’s becoming increasingly popular as a supplement due to its antioxidant, detoxifying, trace mineral and nutrient profile.

Fulvic acid can be a practical addition to your health and wellbeing arsenal. Among its many attributes, it can help to improve gut health and digestion, increase your mineral intake and boost nutrient absorption.

It can also protect brain health, enhancing memory and potentially protecting against Alzheimer’s disease. Fulvic acid may also have anti-ageing, skin protecting and anti-cancer properties.

It has an impressive antioxidant profile that helps to reduce oxidative stress and damage and reduce the risk of chronic disease.

Not only that, fulvic acid can upregulate the natural production of the antioxidants glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase.

Written by Rebecca Rychlik, Nutritional Therapist and Homeopath. Follow Rebecca on Instagram, Facebook and Medium, @rebeccabitesback.

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When to Take Antioxidant Supplements – And Are They Safe?

When to Take Antioxidant Supplements – And Are They Safe?

When to Take Antioxidant Supplements – And Are They Safe?

Antioxidants are an invaluable addition to our diets, with far-reaching health benefits.

But what's the best way to ensure you're getting enough? Which antioxidant supplements are safe and what antioxidant benefits you should be looking for?

In this blog, we aim to demystify the topic and help ensure you're hitting your daily intake.

  • Antioxidants

    What are antioxidants?

    There are several different types of antioxidants, including vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals. 

    The most commonly known antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, and minerals zinc and selenium.

    Other antioxidants come in the form of carotenes, e.g. beta carotene and lycopene, and phenolic compounds, e.g. quercetin, catechins and resveratrol.

    You may have also heard of glutathione, molecular hydrogen, alpha-lipoic acid, berberine and Coenzyme Q10.

    We naturally produce some antioxidants like glutathione, COQ10 and alpha-lipoic acid, and the rest we get from food.

    Antioxidants defend against excessive free radicals, which lead to oxidative stress, DNA and cell damage and an increased risk of premature ageing, inflammation and chronic disease, including heart disease and cancer.

    We generate free radicals in response to stress, environmental toxins and pollutants, poor diet and processed foods, medication, ultraviolet rays, tobacco smoke, X-rays, industrial chemicals and more.

    Our bodies also naturally produce them as a by-product of normal metabolic processes, e.g. part of an immune response. In this respect, they're not entirely harmful, and we need a certain amount to survive.

    But free radicals are unstable, highly reactive and persistent. In excess, they become harmful. So we need a constant supply of antioxidants to scavenge and control them.

    If your antioxidant status is low due to a poor diet, ageing, illness, smoking, or exposure to toxins, it can lead to oxidative damage and all the health risks that come with it.

    7 health benefits of antioxidants

    So, just what can antioxidants do for you? Here, we list 7 notable health benefits of antioxidants.

    1. Protect eye function

    Some antioxidants have a particular affinity with our eyes, such as lutein and zeaxanthin. They are found in high concentrations in the macula and help to prevent macular degeneration. Vitamins C, E and beta carotene and the mineral zinc can also help protect against this eye disorder. 

    2. Bolster heart health

    Antioxidants in food may also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and atherosclerosis. Lycopene, an antioxidant carotenoid, can help to maintain healthy cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

    3. Anti-ageing

    Oxidative stress plays a role in the ageing of hair follicles, directly impacting hair colour and quality as we age. One small study successfully treated alopecia patients by supplementing vitamin E. Vitamin C aids collagen production, which protects hair follicles and improves hair quality and strength.

    4. Increase collagen production

    Because vitamin C encourages collagen production, it helps to promote promoting smoother, more youthful skin. Lycopene may also help towards skin cancer prevention while vitamin A is essential for skin health. Beta carotene, a precursor to vitamin A which converts to retinol in the liver, can protect against skin damage and premature ageing.

    5. Cognitive protection

    Consuming a diet rich in antioxidants like vitamins C and E may modestly reduce the long term risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease. And some research shows a correlation between the Mediterranean diet (high in fruits and vegetables) and dementia prevention.

    6. Blood glucose management

    Preliminary research through clinical trials shows that antioxidants may help prevent diabetes, and vitamin E may help reduce blood glucose. 

    7. Immune health

    Antioxidants help protect immune cells from damage, and they may also play a role in cell-mediated immunity. Vitamins A, C, and E help prevent infection and increased selenium levels are linked to improved immune response.

    The potential dangers of taking antioxidants as supplements

    Research is conflicted, but on balance, evidence suggests taking antioxidants in higher doses doesn't necessarily increase the benefits – and in some cases could be harmful. 

    Antioxidants from food work in synchronicity with other antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and nutrients also provided with that food.

    You can consume plenty of healthy food without overdosing on the nutrients they provide. One important fact to note is that antioxidants are substances, which in concentrated supplement form can be too much of a good thing. 

    Often, supplements focus on one isolated antioxidant, e.g. a vitamin C or vitamin A supplement. These don't benefit from the synergistic relationship with other nutrients you'll naturally find in food. 

    Supplements can provide just one particular form of an antioxidant, where more are found in food.

    For example, eight natural forms of vitamin E and three forms of vitamin A exist (plus provitamin A as carotenoids). Often, a vitamin E supplement will only contain the most active form of vitamin E, alpha-tocopherol. 

    Like all supplements, it's possible to overdose. You need to be aware of each antioxidant's 'safe upper level' and be careful not to go over the recommended amounts.

    For example, taken in excess, zinc can inhibit the absorption of copper, which is vital for immunity, cardiovascular health and many other functions.

    That said, opinions differ, and amounts can depend on your circumstances. There may be instances where taking a particular antioxidant in high doses is beneficial, but you should only do this with the help of a health professional. 

    Some research shows that high antioxidant doses, particularly vitamins C and E, may interfere with exercise recovery. 

    Research is mixed regarding antioxidant supplements and heart disease. Some studies have found moderately positive effects from vitamin E.

    Much data support the anti-inflammatory effect of carotenoids and cardiovascular protection, and some researchers hypothesise that negative findings may be due to supplementing with synthetic supplements. 

    Research is also conflicted for cancer. Meta-analyses of several scientific studies conclude taking antioxidants doesn't protect against the disease or decrease the risk of cancer death.

    Some suggest it may even have the potential to increase cancer risk.

    However, only nine randomised, controlled trials have been conducted worldwide, so more research is needed.

    High doses of vitamin A may also cause congenital anomalies and are not advised during pregnancy.

  • When should you consider taking antioxidant supplements?

    A recent dietary survey found that up to 30% of adults in the UK have a zinc deficiency. Zinc is a vital mineral with antioxidant power, essential for many functions, including immunity and the prevention of age-related macular degeneration and chronic disease. It can also shorten the duration of a cold.

    We don't store zinc and need a constant supply from food. If your levels are low, you may benefit from taking a zinc supplement. The daily reference nutrient intake for adult men is 9.5mg and 7mg for adult women.

    Be careful not to overdose as it can inhibit copper absorption and depress your immune system. Alongside eating zinc-rich foods, the daily safe upper level for zinc supplements in the UK is 25mg for 60kg adults, going up depending on your weight. It can be beneficial to take vitamin C supplements to speed recovery from a cold. It may also be advisable if you're a smoker, which increases free radical damage, usurping valuable vitamin C stores.

    Research suggests that smokers need an extra 35mg of vitamin C a day. 1000mg a day should be safe for adults. If you wish to take higher doses, seek the advice of a health professional.

    Various supplement combinations of vitamins E and C, beta carotene, zinc, lutein, and zeaxanthin, have helped prevent age-related macular degeneration progression. When taken alone, there were no benefits for vitamin E or lutein/zeaxanthin. Glutathione is an especially powerful antioxidant. We produce it in every cell of our body, and it's arguably one of the most crucial molecules when it comes to long-term good health and disease prevention. Ageing, stress, chronic disease, infection and toxicity can seriously affect glutathione levels. It's hard to get from food, so in this case, you may wish to supplement. There are cardiovascular benefits to supplementing with coenzyme Q10, particularly if you have low levels. After a Swedish study lasting 12 years, researchers saw a 40% reduction in cardiovascular mortality in those taking a daily supplement of coenzyme Q10 (200mg) and selenium (200mg).

    According to leading cardiologist Dr Stephen Sinatra, over 40s should aim for 50-100mg per day; over 60s and statin users, 100-200mg; and people who have suffered a heart attack, 200-300mg. Those aged 20-40 might aim for 50mg daily or 100mg every other day. If you favour a higher dose (200-300mg), divide your intake throughout the day.

  • Antioxidants from food are best

    A higher intake of antioxidant-rich fruits, plant-based foods, vegetables and legumes correlates with reduced oxidative stress and chronic disease risk, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. 

    People who eat more fruits and vegetables are healthier with a lower risk of disease as plant foods are packed with nutrients, including antioxidants, which protect our health.

    Antioxidants work in synergy with these vitamins and minerals to keep you fit, healthy and robust. 

    Take the humble kiwi. It's antioxidant-rich, being exceptionally high in vitamin C. It's high in fibre and supplies other nutrients, including vitamin K, potassium and folate.

    All these nutrients work together, helping to strengthen immunity, aid digestion and reduce the risk of numerous diseases.

    You don't need fancy superfoods. Just stick to a natural diet focused on eating a wide range of nutrient-dense whole foods, including brightly coloured fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices, and other plant foods like nuts, seeds, and oils.

    Fish, seafood, poultry and other meats also contain antioxidants. 

  • Conclusion

    Free radicals are unstable, highly reactive and persistent. So we need a constant supply of antioxidants to scavenge and control them.

    Natural, nutrient-dense foods provide the most comprehensive range of antioxidants, combined with all the other minerals, vitamins and health-giving properties that come with them. 

    Research is conflicted as to the benefits and harms of taking high dose antioxidants. However, there are instances where they may be effective.

    If you would like to supplement, try a whole food version that retains all the nutritional aspects of each food it contains rather than isolating one specific antioxidant.

    If you decide you'd like to take a supplement in isolated form, go for natural versions which your body can assimilate more effectively than synthetic ones.

    Regardless, eating a natural diet with a diverse, brightly coloured range of plant foods that provide an array of antioxidants alongside a host of other nutrients is the most beneficial. If you do choose to supplement, take them alongside a healthy diet and antioxidant-rich foods. 

    Written by Rebecca Rychlik, Nutritional Therapist and Homeopath. Follow Rebecca on Instagram, Facebook and Medium, @rebeccabitesback.

    Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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    Antioxidants defend against excessive free radicals, which lead to oxidative stress, DNA and cell damage.
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Can Increasing Your Antioxidant Intake Protect Your Heart?

Can Increasing Your Antioxidant Intake Protect Your Heart?

Antioxidants are natural compounds in the form of vitamins, minerals and other composites found in foods. They are thought to protect us by keeping free radicals in check and helping to prevent all manner of illness and disease, including heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

We naturally produce free radicals as we need them for vital functions that keep us healthy; for example, they can help to fight infection. However, when left unchecked, they can become extremely toxic and damaging to your health, eventually leading to death.

Fortunately, we naturally generate antioxidants to help fight excess free radicals, protecting us from oxidative stress, inflammation and damage to cells that result in chronic disease. But when free radicals outnumber your natural antioxidant defences, trouble can start.

External sources such as environmental pollution, toxic metals, pesticides, cigarette smoke,drugs, and a poor diet can also contribute to free radical damage. Stress can also be a factor, and sadly these days, we are unavoidably exposed to an increasing amount of all of these things.

So eating the right foods and taking care of mind, body and spirit can boost your antioxidant levels and improve your chances of staying healthy.

To supplement or not to supplement? That is the question.

There is a lot of confusion out there, and after countless studies, researchers still can’t agree whether or not supplementing with antioxidants is beneficial for heart disease.

The quality of trials has also been mixed, making it harder to determine who’s right and who’s wrong. But, essentially, there’s no definitive answer.

The over-arching view seems to be that, on balance, there are no stand-out positive results for supplementing. With some particular antioxidants, the opinion is to err on the side of caution as they have shown the potential to do more harm than good. 

Here’s some information on the potential pros and cons of a select list of antioxidants when it comes to cardiovascular health.


Glutathione is a small antioxidant peptide produced in every cell of your body. It is incredibly valuable for protecting your long-term health and preventing disease.

Although we make it ourselves, from around the age of 45, our natural glutathione levels start to decline. Other factors such as toxicity, chronic disease, infection and stress can also affect it.

Glutathione is an excellent detoxer. So it is beyond beneficial for your overall health as it helps to eliminate toxins and reduce oxidative stress. This protection from toxicity lowers inflammation and the diseases associated with it, including heart disease. 

But the problem is, our ever-increasing exposure to toxins causes our glutathione stores to more rapidly get used up, leaving us more susceptible to ill health. 

It may help to promote heart health as researchers have discovered a link between glutathione deficiency, cardiac abnormalities and heart disease. In a 2007 study, researchers witnessed an increase in oxidative stress alongside a decrease in glutathione in patients with untreated hypertension.  

Ischemia-reperfusion is the return of the blood supply to body tissues that have had insufficient blood flow. In a 2001 animal study, researchers used a combination of glutathione supplementation and exercise. They discovered that it protected against oxidative stress and the compromised heart function caused by ischemia.  

Peripheral artery disease happens when narrowing arteries limit the blood flow to your limbs. It can also be a sign of atherosclerosis and is most commonly experienced in the legs, markedly impairing mobility.

But in one study, participants given an intravenous dose of glutathione twice daily for five days had improved pain-free walking over longer distances compared to the placebo group.  

For maximum benefit, when taking a glutathione supplement, the quality – and how easily you absorb it – are crucial. After much research and consideration, we think that Planet Source Glutathione is superior in terms of quality, absorbability and its potentially positive impact on your health. So, if you are considering taking a supplement, this is the one for you.

Vitamin E

Some researchers do support the use of vitamin E as a preventative for coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the consensus appears to be that vitamin E supplementation doesn’t have any particular benefit for heart disease.

Much research doesn’t show it to be harmful either, but there is some evidence pointing towards a potentially darker side.

In 2004, John Hopkins researchers looked into the effect of vitamin E supplementation on cardiovascular disease and cancer.

After re-analysing the data from 19 major trials involving 136,000 patients in North America, they found that doses above 400IU of vitamin E had an increased risk of death

 However, there were limitations to the research, such as small study sizes, and only performing research on patients who were already chronically ill. So it’s hard to tell what the risk would be for healthy people taking higher doses of vitamin E. It’s also unclear whether lower daily doses of 200IU or less, could be harmful.

Whether you believe in taking vitamin E supplements or not, in food form, this potent fat-soluble antioxidant vitamin has powerful health benefits.

It helps to fight infection, protects cells from damage, and may potentially lower the risk of many health problems, aiding in the prevention of chronic illness, including heart disease.

Vitamin C

This impressive antioxidant can bolster your body’s natural defences, boost your immune system, protect your cells and negate the harmful effects of free radical damage. However, research on the benefits of supplementing for heart disease, is again, mixed.

In the book ‘Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine‘, Sinatra. T. and Houston. MC. state that in an analysis of 13 trials, 500mg per day of vitamin C, from 3 to 24 weeks, significantly lowered LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. The best results showed in participants with the highest lipid levels, and lowest serum levels of vitamin C.

In short-term trials, researchers also found that supplementing with vitamin C at a median dose of 500mg per day, lowered both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

More research has linked high supplemental intake of vitamin C at 700mg and above with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease events. 

 You don’t have to take supplements, though. Getting adequate vitamin C by consuming plenty of fruit and vegetables high in this powerful antioxidant can be enough to help reduce your risk of heart disease and early death.


Some research involving Finnish smokers over six years has linked beta-carotene supplementation with an increased risk of death from coronary heart disease as well as an increased mortality rate of 8%.

The dose ranged from 15 to 50mg per day, and an increased risk applied when beta-carotene was taken alone or in conjunction with vitamin E (ranging from 50 to 800IU a day).

Along with vitamin C and other antioxidants, carotenoids found in food may help to protect against cardiovascular disease, in part, by preventing the oxidation of cholesterol in the arteries.

You’ll find beta-carotene in brightly coloured fruits and vegetables such as carrots, squash, sweet potato, leafy greens, red and yellow peppers, cantaloupes and apricots.


Berberine is a natural, yellow alkaloid found in the stems and roots of healing plants such as Oregan Grape, Tree Turmeric, Goldenseal, Barberry, Cork-Tree, and Chinese Goldthread. 

Some small studies have looked into berberine’s ability to lower cholesterol with some success. In the book mentioned above, Sinatra and Houston discuss a small study involving 32 dyslipidemic patients (with an abnormal amount of lipids in the blood).

After taking 500mg of berberine for three months, their total cholesterol reduced by as much as 29%. Their LDL cholesterol also went down by 25% and total triglycerides by 35%

Berberine also increases LDL and lipid-lowering effects when taken with statins at a dose of around 500mg per day. 

It works powerfully without statins, though, as shown in a study involving 80 statin-intolerant participants with high cholesterol. The non-placebo group took a supplement containing 500mg of berberine combined with policosanol, red yeast rice, folic acid, coenzyme Q10, and astaxanthin.

The results were promising, showing a significant reduction in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and insulin resistance. The patients tolerated the treatment well, which came without the raft of statin side effects.

Water for Health recommends Planet Source Berberine which comes in a high 1200mg dose. It derives from the Berberis aristata root, also known as Indian barberry. It is non-GMO, vegan-friendly and free from corn, sugar, salt, wheat, soy, gluten and artificial ingredients

If you are on prescription medication, please check with your GP before taking berberine as it may interact with some drugs, and some interactions may be severe.

The antioxidant merits of a nutritious diet

Antioxidants like glutathione and berberine are hard to get from food, so supplementing with them can be beneficial. But, in general, when it comes to heart health and your overall wellbeing, it’s most advantageous to eat an antioxidant-rich diet

Supplementing in excess may be problematic, and obtaining your antioxidants from food is both healthier and safer. 

Often, supplements provide the vitamin or mineral in isolation, and they don’t come with the advantages that an array of fruits, vegetables and other foods have to offer.

For example, blueberries are exceptionally high in antioxidants and beneficial plant compounds. As well as providing around 24% of your daily vitamin C allowance in one cup, they also contain fibre, and several vitamins and minerals, including folate, B vitamins, and beta-carotene.

This makes blueberries especially good for you. They are nutrient-dense and packed full of goodies with a multitude of health benefits, including reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease.

A diverse diet with a wide array of fruits, vegetables and other plant foods like nuts, seeds and oils can help to keep you and your heart healthy by providing an abundance of antioxidants, flavonoids, polyphenols, plant sterols, vitamins and minerals

One 2007 pilot study spanning two years, involved 51 patients (44 were men) between the ages of 40 and 75 years, who were asymptomatic for coronary heart disease. They were instructed to take three phytonutrient capsules twice daily and were monitored at four-month intervals.

The pills contained a powder consisting of fruits, vegetables and berries including (but not exclusive to) broccoli, cabbage, acerola cherry, apple, beetroot, bilberry, blackberry, blueberry, blackcurrant, carrot, cranberry, orange, papaya, parsley, spinach and tomato. Six daily capsules provided beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, and folate.

By the end of follow-up, the patients systolic and diastolic blood pressure had reduced considerably, vascular health was substantially improved, and homocysteine levels significantly decreased. The researcher’s findings support consuming plant nutrients as a valuable part of a heart-healthy diet.


So, if you want to give your antioxidant profile boost, a phytonutrient powder or capsules could be beneficial. They preserve the entire nutrient value from whole foods, concentrating and condensing them into supplement form. 

Spectrum Vibrance is a superfood blend providing exceptionally high levels of antioxidants. It’s a full-spectrum food supplement which combines 36 specially-selected red, yellow, blue and green fruits and vegetables with antioxidant-rich botanical extracts.

This nutrient-dense powder supplies you with many of the nutrients and phytonutrients required to reach optimum health. Just add to water, juice or a protein drink to reap the benefits of this high-quality formulation

Written by Rebecca Rychlik-Cunning, Nutritional Therapist and Homeopath. Follow Rebecca on Instagram, Facebook and Medium, @rebeccabitesback.

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The Power of Antioxidants: Glutathione, Vitamins, Molecular Hydrogen

The Power of Antioxidants: Glutathione, Vitamins, Molecular Hydrogen

Antioxidants are an essential component in the body's defense arsenal. They are used to fight free radicals that contribute to the pathophysiology of illness and premature aging. Free radicals can be harmful to the body if not cleaned out swiftly.

It’s important to ensure that our body has adequate amounts of antioxidants, particularly during cold and flu season. Antioxidants are found in foods as well as being produced in the body, and they are absolutely critical for health and wellbeing.

Interestingly antioxidants were initially studied in the 19th and 20th centuries for their ability to prevent metal corrosion and the fouling of fuels in combustion engines. The study of antioxidants in the human body is a relatively new approach to disease prevention and treatment.

The first antioxidants to be discovered were vitamin C and vitamin E, by Henry A. Mattill who fed whole foods to animals and found that they lived longer. We can measure the antioxidant content of foods and supplements by using the FRAP (ferric reducing ability of plasma) analysis test.

In this article, we'll explore what antioxidants are and how they work in the body; as well as taking a look at the most potent antioxidants.

How do Antioxidants Work?

Antioxidants donate electrons to unstable free radicals, which neutralises them and cancels them out.

Your body uses antioxidants to balance out free radicals. If there are too many free radicals in the body then it gets overwhelmed and this results in chronic oxidative stress.

Consuming an abundance of antioxidants is, therefore, a natural approach to combating oxidative stress and ridding the body of nasty chemicals.

IMPORTANT: Always opt for natural antioxidants as synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole are reportedly dangerous for human health.

How are Free Radicals Bad for Human Health?

Free radicals are produced as a byproduct in the body when it carries out various chemical reactions, as part of the normal metabolic processes. For example, the breakdown of food into nutrients, or the building of muscle.

All of the reactions in our body produce waste; scientists call this cellular waste “free radicals”.

Free radicals are also produced in some pathological states and by the exposure to chemicals like tobacco smoke. Free radicals are either reactive oxygen species or reactive nitrogen species.

The hydroxyl radical (HO) is a notable example of a reactive oxygen species (ROS) free radical. You’ll notice that the HO molecule is one molecule short of water (H20), the missing hydrogen molecule results in a missing bond that can attach itself to other cells in the body and cause damage.

Free radicals change the make-up of lipids, proteins and DNA, as well as triggering a number of human diseases.

The cellular damage that free radicals can do is seriously detrimental to our health. To effectively manage disease, it’s important to ensure that the body is routinely cleansed of these harmful free radicals. The best way to do this is with antioxidants.

Types of Antioxidants

The term antioxidant refers to the ability of a compound to act as a free radical scavenger. Each type of antioxidant plays an important role in the body.

As the saying goes, “prevention is better than cure” and antioxidants are no different: the first line of defense is the “preventive antioxidants” that suppress the formation of free radicals.

Glutathione is the best example of a preventative antioxidant.

The second line of defense is antioxidants that travel around the body scavenging active free radicals. Some are water-soluble (hydrophyilic) or fat-soluble (lipophylic). Vitamin C, uric acid, bilirubin, albumin, and thiols are all water-soluble antioxidants. Vitamin E and ubiquinol are good examples of fat-soluble antioxidants.

Plant-based foods are rich in all forms of antioxidants. You can also get artificial antioxidants. The body makes its own antioxidants called “endogenous antioxidants”. The word endogenous means that they are created inside; exogenous antioxidants come from outside the body.

The types of antioxidants found in abundance in plant foods are as follows:

  • Catechins
  • Flavonoids
  • Flavones
  • Polyphenols
  • Phytoestrogens

Berries are one of the best dietary sources of antioxidants, particularly anthocyanins (flavonoids), ellagic acid and resveratrol (polyphenols).

What are the Health Benefits of Glutathione?

As stated above, glutathione is our first line of defense and an essential antioxidant. Thankfully, the body can produce glutathione – but this process can be disrupted due to stress, toxic exposure, illness or poor nutrition.

The amount of glutathione in your body can be reduced due to a lack of sleep. Glutathione can also be found in foods, taken in supplement form or administered intravenously. Glutathione is made up of three amino acids – glutamine, glycine, and cysteine.

Related: Why Take Glutathione with Vitamin C and Other Nutrients?

Glutathione can improve circulation and reduce oxidative stress, which can, in turn, help fight autoimmune disease.

Children on the autism spectrum have been found to have low levels of glutathione in their brains as well as higher levels of oxidative damage. Therefore boosting glutathione could reduce their susceptibility for further neurological damage.

Foods high in glutathione include: avocado, spinach, asparagus and okra

It’s important to note the amount of glutathione in foods reduces significantly with heating or processing.

Antioxidant Properties of Molecular Hydrogen

A more recent discovery of the beneficial antioxidant properties of molecular hydrogen (H2) has been made. Giving rise to hyperbaric hydrogen therapy being used as a treatment for metabolic syndrome, cancer and organ injury.

H(also known as dihydrogen) is a flammable, colourless, odourless gas that was previously thought to be inert in the human body. In 1975, high-pressure H2 was inhaled by animal models and a regression in tumours was found.

Related: Hydrogen-Rich Water as a Powerful Antioxidant

H2 has been studied extensively and found to have preventative and therapeutic effects on various organs of the body such as the brain, heart, pancreas, lung, and liver. H2 is a powerful mediator of oxidative stress, making it an effective contributor to disease treatment.

The Bottom Line

Although our bodies can naturally create antioxidants, this process can be disturbed by external or internal factors.

To ensure adequate antioxidants it is important to eliminate factors that reduce the number of antioxidants in our bodies such as toxins from cigarette smoke.

There is a wide range of antioxidants that can be consumed in plant-based foods. More recent discoveries of molecular hydrogen offer new and novel approaches to disease treatment and prevention.

Written by best-selling author and integrative nutrition health coach Rowanna Watson, who has a passion for natural health. Rowanna is an expert in all areas of holistic health, plant-based nutrition, detoxification and personal development.

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Why Take Glutathione with Vitamin C and Other Nutrients?

Why Take Glutathione with Vitamin C and Other Nutrients?

Glutathione (GSH) is deservedly known as one of the most powerful antioxidants in existence. A naturally-occurring compound, glutathione helps to neutralise free radicals in the body and tackle the scourge of oxidative stress. Sadly for us, natural production declines as we hit our thirties – which is why many resort to supplementation.

Oftentimes, nutrients need co-factors to maximise their effectiveness. Think about the elaborate interplay between vitamin D and vitamin K, for example; research indicates that both nutrients work synergistically to optimise one’s health, particularly bone and heart health.

To best absorb plant-based iron, meanwhile, you need to pair it with vitamin C. There are many other such examples.

In this article, we aim to explore nutrient pairings involving glutathione, to help you get the most out of your glutathione intake. We will do so with particular reference to a comprehensive 2019 paper published in the journal Nutrients, a joint-effort by the Human Nutrition and Functional Medicine Graduate Program at the University of Western States and the BCNH College of Nutrition and Health.

As noted in the paper, “Nutritional interventions, including amino acids, vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals, and foods can have important effects on circulating glutathione which may translate to clinical benefit.”

If you’ve ever wondered what to combine glutathione with, you’ve come to the right place.

Glutathione and Protein, Amino Acids

Because amino acids are the precursors of glutathione, and glutathione itself is comprised of three of them (cysteine, glutamic acid and glycine), the amount of protein one consumes logically influences our natural glutathione production.

Now, while this does not mean you should run out and stock up on protein or amino acid supplements, it does stress the importance of maintaining a healthy intake if boosting glutathione is your end goal.

In the Nutrients paper, reference is made to a number of studies of healthy individuals, wherein glutathione stores improved following whey protein supplementation, since whey has a higher cysteine content.

Glutathione and Omega-3s

Persistent inflammation can give rise to oxidative stress and negatively impact one’s glutathione status. This means keeping inflammation to a minimum is the best course of action. Step forward, anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids.

A number of clinical studies have shown that omega-3 intake has a favourable effect on glutathione stores. In one, pregnant women who consumed salmon twice per week from week 20 of gestation benefited from increased glutathione stores.

Moreover, a separate study showed that taking 4g of omega-3 daily for three months led to an improved GSH-creative radio, compared to a control group. This is probably a much higher dose than most people need, particularly if they already eat some oily fish, but it does indicate a meaningful correlation.

Finally, a study of Parkinson’s patients found that combining 1g of daily omega-3 with 400 IU of vitamin E for three months led to an increase in glutathione concentrations, total antioxidant capacity and a reduction in inflammatory C-reactive protein.

Glutathione and B Vitamins

The relationship between glutathione and a few B vitamins was mentioned by the research team behind the 2019 paper. Firstly, they discussed riboflavin (vitamin B2), a water-soluble vitamin commonly found in eggs, green veggies, dairy products, meat and mushrooms.

Pointing out that riboflavin is a necessary coenzyme for glutathione reductase (one of a chain of enzymes which itself serves to maintain glutathione in the reduced form), they explained that – though more research is needed – “it is likely that a riboflavin deficiency would impact glutathione function and may even impact the levels in the body.”

The researchers also suggested that vitamin B5 may support glutathione synthesis in the body due to its role in ATP production, while mentioning that vitamin B12 deficiency is linked with low glutathione levels.

The take-home? Make sure you’re getting enough B vitamins! It’s something we’ve stressed ourselves, in our article What is Vitamin B? A Comprehensive Guide.

Incidentally, there are many specific benefits of combining vitamin B with omega-3. So tripling up by throwing glutathione in the mix is no bad idea.

Glutathione and Vitamin C

So, why take glutathione with fellow antioxidant, vitamin C? Needless to say, this is a topic the researchers tackled. And they’re not the first.

A paper published 26 years before, in 1993, showed that vitamin C elevates red blood cell glutathione in healthy adults. The ideal dosage appeared to be 500mg of vitamin C per day, which caused an increase of 47% in red blood cells.

Another study from 2015, meanwhile, showed that low vitamin C intake induced glutathione depletion and oxidative stress. And this was in healthy young adults – so you can imagine how much worse it might be in adults whose natural glutathione production is already falling!

Returning to the most recent paper, reference was made to the benefits of taking 500mg-1,000mg daily vitamin C, to increase lymphocyte GSH levels.

Why might vitamin C help glutathione stores? Well, it might be the case that vitamin C’s antioxidant capacity ‘spares’ the intervention of glutathione. In other words, your GSH stores are not being depleted so much in the presence of vitamin C. What’s more, vitamin C appears to reprocess glutathione by converting oxidised glutathione back to its active form.

If there’s one nutrient to combine with glutathione, then, it’s vitamin C. But in all honesty, you should look to ensure an adequate intake of all of the aforementioned cofactors.

Glutathione and ALA, Vitamin E

Alpha lipoic acid has been suggested as a cofactor for glutathione, probably due to its ability to scavenge free radicals and help regenerate various naturally-occurring antioxidants. Indeed, some people take ALA instead of GSH.

In any case, the 2019 paper alluded to the effect of 300mg ALA supplementation, taken thrice daily, on HIV-infected adults. Namely, an increase in blood total glutathione after six months of treatment.

Vitamin E, too, has been found to increase glutathione by as much as 9% in type 1 diabetic children. A separate study, also on children with type 1 diabetes, found that 600mg of daily vitamin E for three months improved both oxidative stress markers and glutathione status.

What to Eat to Boost Glutathione Levels

At this point, you are probably opening new tabs to identify food sources of the aforementioned nutrients. But eating a wholesome diet with plenty of colour and variety is the best course of action.

A generous intake of fruit and vegetables – around 10 a day, if you can manage it – is recommended. Doing so will help to tamp down oxidative stress in and of itself.

Cruciferous vegetables are particularly healthful and beneficial for glutathione production. Choose organic if possible, as they have a higher nutrient content.

Glutathione-supporting foods include mushrooms, broccoli, asparagus, cucumber, whey protein, grapefruit, green beans, papaya, spinach and tomato.

Researchers in the recent trial indicated that certain herbs and roots such as turmeric, milk thistle, rosemary and Gingko biloba may also positively influence glutathione levels, while touting the traditional Mediterranean type diet for the same reason.

Exercise also appears to up-regulate glutathione.


Glutathione is a hugely beneficial compound, one that helps not only by neutralising free radicals but also clearing mercury from the brain, regulating cell growth, activating important enzymes and regenerating other nutrients (especially vitamins C and E).

There is an argument that most, if not all, of us should supplement with glutathione when we get into our thirties or forties. Research appears to show particular benefits for those battling Parkinson’s, coping with autism spectrum disorders and also type 2 diabetes.

Naturally, it’s wise to speak with your doctor before starting glutathione or indeed any other supplement, to ensure there are no contraindications.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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The Top 5 Healthiest Teas

The Top 5 Healthiest Teas

If you’re looking to overcome your coffee addiction, or just receive a health boost from indulging in a new hot drink, look no further.

We’ve been investigating the myriad health benefits of tea to bring you a rundown of the best kinds on the market.

Navigating a crowded landscape of herbal teas, detox teas and organic teas, we’ve attempted to cut through the confusion and get to the bottom of the matter.

We’ve been drinking tea for thousands of years, but what tea is the healthiest?

1. Green Tea

Green tea is the one most people reach for when an urge to be healthy takes hold.

The mere connotations associated with the colour are enough to convince them they are getting one of the best teas for health every time they brew a cup. And they’re right, as it happens.

Like black and white tea, green tea is procured from the leaves of Camellia sinensis and is rich in antioxidants called catechins.

These water-soluble polyphenols have been implicated in bringing benefit to virtually every organ system in the body.

Cardioprotective, anti-carcinogenic and liver-protective, they are among the most impressive compounds in nature.

Further benefits of green tea include fat-reducing and cholesterol-lowering effects, as well as an ability to increase fat oxidation and blood flow.

In Chinese medicine, meanwhile, it is used for all manner of purposes – including as a natural stimulant and digestive aid.

The University of Maryland Medical Center has published an in-depth article mining the many benefits of green tea.

2. Chamomile Tea

Chamomile is best known as a calming tea. Made from dried chamomile flowers, it has been reported to help with insomnia, stomach upset, headaches, side effects of diabetes, ulcers, gut disorders, congestion, even nervousness.

Such is its broad spectrum of uses, chamomile is a common ingredient in cosmetic products such as creams and ointments.

Like Camellia sinensis, chamomile contains a good amount of antioxidants, including flavonoids and terpenoids. This is the case for both types of chamomile used medicinally today: German and Roman.

Antioxidants, of course, are useful for combating free radical damage and preventing cell mutation. The primary antioxidants in chamomile are chamazulene, acetylene, apigenin, quercetin and patuletin.

Whether you’re drinking chamomile to promote relaxation, aid digestion or benefit from its spread of antioxidants, you’re sure to enjoy the effects.

3. Black Tea

Good old black tea is one of the most commonly-consumed types in the world.

One of the most naturally caffeinated teas with about 50mg per cup, it’s an excellent alternative to coffee – although its bold, astringent flavour might not go down too well with the Costa crew!

There are many studies attesting to the benefits of black tea. In one, published in 2012, black tea consumed as part of a normal diet was said to contribute to “a decrease of independent cardiovascular risk factors and improve the overall antioxidant status in humans.”

Tea drinkers experienced a significant decrease in fasting serum glucose and triglyceride levels, as well as a significant decrease in the LDL/HDL plasma cholesterol ratio.

A separate study from the University College London found that black tea also decreases the levels of stress hormone cortisol, while another – from Stockholm’s Karolinska Institute – showed drinking three cups a day cut stroke risk by 21%.

4. White Tea

White tea is known as the least-processed tea, given that its leaves are young and delicate – still in first-flush bud form, in fact.

As stated, it derives from Camellia sinensis and is loaded with catechins while also being low in caffeine.

As far as antioxidants are concerned, the total content is generally comparable to those in black or green tea – although cultivation and processing can influence this.

Known for its delicate, fruity taste, white tea is actually pale yellow in colour. While its flavonoids can help to improve vascular health – and thus aid in preventing conditions such as heart disease – it has also been studied for its effects on weight management and shown to effectively reduce the deposition of triglycerides in adipocytes (fat cells).

One of the best teas for weight loss? Absolutely. All in all, it’s a good alternative to the other teas in this list if you’re seeking a healthful hot drink or change of flavour.

Be warned though – white tea isn’t cheap!

5. Matcha Green Tea

Matcha green tea became something of a cult phenomenon a few years back, triggering a wave of matcha lattes, brownies and smoothie bowls among the hip and trendy wellness set.

But what’s all the fuss about?

Green matcha is the most revered tea in Japan. Stone-ground and powdered, it contains trace amounts of vitamins and minerals and is also rich in – you guessed it – catechins.

Because it’s made from ground and compacted whole tea leaves, it is thought to be a more fertile source of these catechins than green or white tea, which is sipped as an infusion and the leaves discarded.

The majority of catechins in matcha are EGCg (epigallocatechin gallate), widely-studied antioxidants known to have profound effects on cardiovascular and metabolic health.

One study determined that matcha actually contains three times as much EGCg as other types of regular green tea.

Used in the Far East to enhance calm (due to the presence of L-Theanine), increase metabolism and detoxify the body, matcha is best consumed in its highest grade, i.e. from tea grown in rural locales. This is because plants exposed to high levels of pollution can absorb lead.

What About Herbal Teas?

If you’re still craving a new flavour – and a health-promoting tea that few others have tried – Organic Instant Basica Tea deserves an honourable mention. Like the best herbal teas, it is a blend of botanical herbs chosen for their ability to address the acid-base balance.

Instant Basica contains catechins from ingredients such as Common Horsetail, Birch Leaf, Rosemary, Dandelion, Blueberry Leaf, Milk Thistle and Wild Thyme. Available in powder form, each tub provides enough for 400 cups.

Although it tastes pleasant enough, a little organic or Manuka honey can enhance the flavour.

There you have it: five (actually six!) powerful pick-me-ups well worth boiling the kettle for. Much better than a milk n’ two!

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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glutathione molecular structure

The Key Health Benefits of S-Acetyl Glutathione

The Key Health Benefits of S-Acetyl Glutathione

It’s been dubbed a master antioxidant, a bastion of defence against chronic illness and a major natural detoxifier. Some people even believe that it helps to slow the ageing process.

But what is glutathione, how does it work, and does it live up to the considerable hype?

Although glutathione (GSH) is one of the most frequently talked-about antioxidants and detoxifying agents among functional and integrative medical doctors – as well as champions of natural health – many people remain in the dark, wholly unaware of the compound’s ability to counteract oxidation-related cell and mitochondrial damage, chelate heavy metals, build and repair tissues and prevent inflammation.

Glutathione: A Well-Kept Secret

This can be attributed to a few factors. One is that until relatively recently, the effectiveness of glutathione as an oral supplement was somewhat negligible; with its customary efficiency, the stomach would break down around 90% of glutathione, leading to a rise in practitioners offering intravenous administration.

Such treatments make glutathione more bioavailable but they’re also very expensive. And not everyone is thrilled by the idea of IV therapy.

Another stems from its sheer complexity. A small tripeptide molecule comprising three ‘building block’ amino acids – L-glutamate, L-cysteine and glycine – glutathione is more difficult to define and explain than, say, chlorella, spirulina or other so-called super foods and substances.

What Does Glutathione Do?

Produced in the liver, glutathione is used by every cell and tissue in the body – though its intracellular levels decline naturally we get older: natural production falls by approximately 10% each decade.

Stores also deplete more rapidly if we are battling health complications, exposed to environmental toxins and pollution (e.g. via contaminated drinking water) or overprescribed medication.

Alcohol consumption can negatively impact natural glutathione production, too – not surprising given the liver is responsible for generating it in the first place.

But what does glutathione do exactly?

Well, for one it is known as the most powerful native antioxidant produced by the body. It’s also famous for its ability to protect DNA from damage, combat harmful free radicals, detoxify heavy metals and toxins, lower inflammation and boost immune health.

Glutathione has even been shown to benefit skin health reducing wrinkles and improving skin elasticity.

Disruptions in glutathione balance have been repeatedly implicated in the progression of major diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular, immune and metabolic disease.

Invariably, chronic disease correlates with low glutathione levels, leading some to suggest that the antioxidant is the no.1 nutrient for counteracting both ageing and ill health.

Improving Your Glutathione Intake

There are many steps we can take to replenish our levels of glutathione; it exists in a number of whole foods including sulphur-rich vegetables and fruit, whole meats, dairy and eggs.

The caveat is that glutathione from food, as opposed to high-quality supplements, is unable to permeate the blood-brain barrier.

Exercise also ramps up glutathione levels, with the attendant benefits to the immune system.

Aim to combine moderate cardiovascular activity with strength training for the most benefits.

S-Acetyl or N-Acetyl Glutathione?

Acetylated glutathione was the innovation in glutathione supplementation those in the know were waiting for. Highly bioavailable and, unlike glutathione foods, able to cross the blood-brain barrier, it lets you reap the benefits of glutathione for a fraction of the price of IV treatment.

Acetylated glutathione has been shown in numerous studies to rapidly increase intracellular GSH levels without increasing energy expenditure.

There are a few popular forms of acetyl glutathione, one of which is N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) – an orally available precursor to cysteine.

The premise here is that the body needs cysteine for GSH synthesis; however, as many individuals are unable to synthesise GSH due to heavy metal toxicity and/or magnesium deficiency, the benefit is far from assured.

NAC is also known to have a nasty taste and smell and can, on occasion, induce powerful detox symptoms.

S-Acetyl Glutathione is different. Because an acetyl group is attached to the sulphur atom of cysteine, the molecule is protected from oxidation in the digestive tract, and the objectionable smell and taste of the sulphur atom is absent.

What’s more, the acetyl group detaches while the glutathione molecule activates within the cell to work as needed.

Aim for Balance to Boost Glutathione

As with many supplements, achieving the right balance of nutrients is crucial: to maximise results, you should ensure optimal levels of synergistic ingredients. These include vitamins, particularly B6, B12, C and E, and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10).

Vitamin C, for instance, helps to elevate glutathione in red blood cells and lymphocytes, while vitamin E works hand in glove with the antioxidant to prevent damage from reactive oxygen.

Milk Thistle – most commonly used to protect the liver from toxicity – has also been shown in animal studies to enhance GSH production, as has turmeric.

While a glutathione supplement might provide little benefit for a healthy teenager or young adult, its natural depletion as part of the ageing process makes it something we should all consider as we push into our thirties, forties and beyond.

Particularly since high levels of glutathione accompany excellent physical and mental health among women (and presumably men) aged 60 to 103! Indeed, there is a prevailing belief that glutathione stores are one of the main markers for general good health.

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Antioxidant Foods and Supplements: Worth the Fuss?

Antioxidant Foods and Supplements: Worth the Fuss?

Antioxidant Foods and Supplements: Worth the Fuss?

Even though they are backed by research, antioxidants are one of those questionable things that everyone secretly suspects may be overrated. 

These naturally-occurring compounds are found in many plant-based foods. Health experts claim they reduce free radicals, eliminate toxins and prevent disease, but are they really capable of such feats or is it yet another gimmicky sales pitch?

Here’s what you need to know about antioxidants and whether or not they're worth your time (and money).

What Are Antioxidants?

Antioxidants are compounds that occur naturally in plant foods such as fruits and vegetables. Essentially, antioxidants are electron donors. They work to fight free radicals, which are unstable compounds that invade the body and cause infection, disease and other threats.

Free radicals accumulate in the body during exposure to pollutants, stress, poor diet and lack of exercise. Once they enter the body, free radicals steal electrons from nearby substances that yield to them.

After these nearby substances lose their electrons, they turn into a completely different structural and functional compound. Some even change their DNA as a result of this loss of electron.

Antioxidants work by donating an electron to free radicals so that they become neutralised, meaning they are no longer dangerous.

The Benefits of Antioxidants

Foods that are high in antioxidants have seemingly limitless benefits. They are particularly useful in preventing free radical damage in the body, which includes cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.

According to a six-year study called the Age-Related Eye Disease Study, supplementing with a combination of vitamins C and E, beta-carotene and zinc provided protection against advanced age-related macular degeneration in those who were at high risk of the disease.

The best thing antioxidants do for us is combat free radicals, which cause inflammation and oxidative stress, leading to disease and other health disorders.

Oxidative stress occurs when there is an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the parts of the body responsible for getting rid of them.

Oxidative stress has been linked to a number of diseases including ocular disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, atherosclerosis and motor neurone disease.

According to a 2010 study published in Research In Pharmaceutical Studies, antioxidants may prevent or delay the onset of these conditions.

Eating foods that are high in antioxidants seems to do the most good. For example, blueberries have one of the highest antioxidant contents.

They have been shown to protect against aging and DNA damage, protect blood from becoming damaged by cholesterollower blood pressureprevent heart diseaseimprove memory and support brain functionreverse diabetesfight urinary tract infections and repair muscle damage after exercise.

Do Antioxidants Really Work?

The debate about whether antioxidants really prevent disease has long been disputed. More than 100,000 in total have been tested to determine whether antioxidants prevent certain diseases.

According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, decades of research concludes that consuming higher amounts of antioxidants may be able to help protect against certain diseases, especially neurodegenerative diseases, eye diseases and DNA damage.

There is no denying that eating foods high in antioxidants is the best way to address free radical damage. According to the International Dermal Institute, free radicals are responsible for promoting skin diseases, inflammation and aging within the skin.

Antioxidants additionally protect against sun damage and wrinkles while protecting vision. They have even been found to have disease-fighting properties that benefit the entire body.

Because of their ability to combat inflammation and toxins in the body, antioxidants may be useful in helping you lose weight, quicken metabolism, absorb nutrients better and slow the progression of disease and aging.

Foods High in Antioxidants

Because people need a spread of antioxidants, it is best to eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables that contain many different sources. Examples include:

  • Wild blueberries
  • Goji berries
  • Cranberries
  • Blackberries
  • Kidney beans
  • Elderberries
  • Cilantro
  • Artichoke
  • Pecans
  • Dark chocolate (dairy-free and free of sugar!)

In addition to getting your antioxidants from food sources, consider adding molecular hydrogen to the mix. Molecular hydrogen (H2) combines two hydrogen atoms that create the smallest molecule in existence.

Its small size is incredibly beneficial for cell health, as it is able to penetrate deep into cells to ward off disease and DNA damage.

Molecular hydrogen is also small enough to cross the blood-brain barrier, where it can improve brain function.

While it is quite technical, this review paper on molecular hydrogen further outlines its benefits as an antioxidant.

The best way of obtaining molecular hydrogen is to drink hydrogen-rich water. Try HydroTab, a dissolvable molecular hydrogen tablet that provides 10 parts-per-million of H2.

Antioxidant Supplements

There are a number of other molecular hydrogen products out there, but one you may want to look at is the Energy Plus. It is a four-stage under-sink water filtration system which, in addition to filtering chlorine, fluoride, microplastics and various contaminants from your water, stimulates the release of active hydrogen.

We could all do with drinking healthier water, and the Energy Plus helps us do just that, yielding water that is clean, free of contaminants, alkaline and antioxidant-rich.

If you’re after an antioxidant-rich food supplement, meanwhile, try Spectrum Vibrance (formerly Rainbow Vibrance). A single serving provides 3,974 ORAC units (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity). To put it in context, that’s equal to the quantity of free radical fighters we’d gain from eating 4.5 servings of fruit and vegetables!

Vibrant Health’s formula contains a broad range of antioxidant-rich fruit and vegetables – 36 to be exact – and can be mixed with water or a smoothie and drunk once per day. As you might expect, it provides a good amount of vitamin C (58% of your RDA in one serving) and just 25 calories.

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bunch of blueberries

What Are Polyphenols: Everything You Need to Know

For a compound possessed of such extraordinary power, polyphenols are still mostly waiting for their moment in the sun.

But that moment will assuredly come, for more and more of us are beginning to understand and appreciate just how important polyphenols are in maintaining good levels of health.

Indeed, they have been touted as nature’s best medicine for supporting the health of gut bacteria, among other things.

Read on to learn more about these wondrous phytochemicals.

Polyphenols: An Introduction

In a nutshell, polyphenols are antioxidant-rich chemical compounds found mostly in plants, although also in plant-derived beverages like red wine and tea, unsweetened baking chocolate, cereals and certain nuts and seeds.

Their name is derived from their composition of more than one phenol unit per molecule, and there are in excess of 8,000 polyphenol compounds currently known: several thousand more are under investigation.

In the plant world, polyphenols offer protection from ultraviolet radiation, difficult climatic conditions and harmful pathogens.

In this sense, it’s perhaps unsurprising that their protective effects extend to human disease.

Broadly speaking, polyphenols can be subdivided into four categories according to the quantity of phenol rings they contain. These include flavonoids (which perhaps receive more publicity than polyphenols as a whole), stilbenes (of which, resveratrol is the most famous), lignans and phenolic acids.

Among other functions, these polyphenols modulate the activity of a broad number of enzymes and cell receptors. Thanks to their antioxidant properties, they also safeguard cells from the assault of free radicals, which in itself can presage cell disfunction and a heightened risk of heart disease and Alzheimer’s.

It is for this reason that polyphenols are most often filed under the subheading Preventive Nutrition.

Although there are many reasons why vegetables are implicitly healthy – both from a calorific standpoint and also a structural one – a large part of the reason is that they are abundant sources of polyphenols.

Indeed, evidence for the role of polyphenols in the prevention of a brace of degenerative conditions, not least cancer and cardiovascular disease, continues to grow.

That said, research into polyphenols remains at an early stage: in the years ahead, the focus will be on understanding polyphenol bioavailability, including the kinetics of absorption.

For now, based on the fact that polyphenols are fat soluble, the advice is to eat polyphenol-rich foods alongside good healthy fats to increase nutrient absorption.

Polyphenols and Superfoods

When you look into superfoods, it’s clear that the vast majority are so-labelled owing to their inordinately high number of polyphenols.

As with any food though, other factors can influence a plant’s polyphenol content. These include ripeness, methods of processing and storage, and factors relating to the environment in which the plant is harvested (soil quality being perhaps the main one).

The polyphenol content of organic, sustainably-grown, non-GMO vegetables, therefore, is higher than those grown in hydroponic conditions.

Similarly, freeze-drying appears to preserve a greater overall phenol content.

Something else worth considering is food preparation: since a high number of polyphenols are present in greater concentrations in the outermost part of a fruit or vegetables, the very process of peeling can quite literally cut polyphenols out of the equation.

In repeated epidemiological studies, introducing greater numbers of polyphenols to the diet has dramatically reduced markers of oxidative stress, an imbalance known to lead to countless pathophysiological conditions.

In one comprehensive 2014 study of over 7,000 individuals, which was itself based on the wide-ranging PREDIMED study assessing the effects of a Mediterranean diet, the link between polyphenol consumption and cardiovascular disease risk was evaluated.

The scientists found that greater intake of polyphenols – particularly from flavanols, lignans and hydroxybenzoic acids – was associated with an overall decreased risk of CVD.

Separate studies have shown that consuming flavonoids helps to improve blood flow to the brain, as does resveratrol, the natural polyphenol commonly found in grapes.

Resveratrol also has a positive effect on gut bacteria. The assorted polyphenols in black tea, meanwhile, have been known to influence gut microbial diversity, both by increasing bifidobacteria and reducing C-reative protein, a known marker of inflammation.

“Polyphenols are the most abundant antioxidants in the human diet,” explains Dr David Perlmutter, MD, in his New York Times bestselling book Brain Maker.

“It has been estimated that we consume as much as 1 gram of polyphenols each day, which is about ten times higher than daily consumption of vitamin C and 100 times higher than our intake of vitamins E and A. Polyphenols…have become a major focus of research.”

Polyphenols for Diabetes

Only this month, we learned that uniquely-derived polyphenols in strawberries and cranberries improved insulin sensitivity for people with pre-diabetes.

Published in the British Journal of Nutrition, the study found that GlucoPhenol, a proprietary blend of cranberry and strawberry extracts, produced notable improvements in insulin sensitivity among non-diabetic insulin-resistant adults.

Specifically, it increased insulin signalling and the transportation of glucose into skeletal muscle.

These results are particularly encouraging, as they indicate that polyphenols may delay or even halt the progression of type 2 diabetes,” concluded Hélène Jacques, PhD, who led the study.

Polyphenol Benefits are Largely Dependent on Gut Bacteria

The success of your dietary choices depends, to a large extent, on the dense consortium of microbes living in your gut.

Among their many responsibilities, these bacterial critters eat indigestible dietary fibre and convert it into compounds our colon absorbs.

According to Dr. David Perlmutter, MD, “the ability of your body to extract and use the polyphenols you consume is dictated largely by the gut bacteria.

“Those bugs once again take center stage in coordinating your biology for the benefit of your health. In order to fully gain the health benefits of polyphenols from the foods you eat, you need a healthy microbiome.”

If your microbiome has taken a hit due to stress, antibiotic protocols or diet, it is sensible to invest in a strong probiotic to build the colony of beneficial bacteria back up.

Not only will it positively affect your digestion and immune system, but it will potentiate the effectiveness of dietary polyphenols.

Polyphenols: Foods to Look Out For

It is worth investigating which foods offer the most benefit as far as polyphenols are concerned.

Coffee, for instance, contains twice the number of polyphenols in green tea.

Astonishingly, red onions are packed with 100 times as many polyphenols as white onions. And the polyphenol content of red wine is ten times higher than white wine.

Much of the benefit of red wine, which is a characteristic of the heart-healthy Mediterranean diet, stems from its generous polyphenol content.

On a per serving basis, the richest sources of polyphenols include black elderberry, blackcurrant, filtered coffee, sweet cherry, plum, blackberry.

A rundown of the 100 foods highest in polyphenols was published by the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition a few years ago.

One specially-formulated supplement especially high in polyphenols is Vibrant Health’s Spectrum Vibrance powder.

The superfood delivers natural trace nutrients and antioxidants from some of the most polyphenol-rich fruits and vegetables in existence, including elderberry extract, blackberry (freeze-dried), plum, red raspberry (freeze-dried), pomegranate seed and rind extract, and blueberry (freeze-dried).

Spectrum Vibrance is also loaded with 60 mg of phycocyanin, the blue pigment of spirulina which offers its own benefits to joint and heart health.

Such is the powder’s concentrated nutrition that it supplies an array of plant fibres, carotenoids, alkaloids, vitamins (A and C) and minerals.

In fact, a single scoop of Spectrum Vibrance is equivalent to 4.5 servings of fruit and vegetables and delivers 68% of your recommended daily vitamin C.


Ultimately, we should aim to consume a balanced mix of polyphenols from various food sources. But blending up a glass or two of Spectrum Vibrance each day, or adding a scoop to smoothies or protein shakes, is a great way of assuring a healthy intake of these valuable compounds.

Hopefully you are a little more aware of the important role played by polyphenols when it comes to maintaining health. But if you have any questions or comments, don’t hesitate to get in touch!

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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Antioxidant Drinks: What Do They Do, How Healthy Are They?

Antioxidant Drinks: What Do They Do, How Healthy Are They?

Antioxidant Drinks: What Do They Do, How Healthy Are They?

Last week we heard the news that Dr Pepper Snapple Group had acquired antioxidant drinks firm Bai Brands for $1.7 billion. As long-time exponents of antioxidants, we can’t say we were surprised. Health drinks are becoming ever more popular, a consequence of customers becoming ever more savvy. It was a matter of time before companies like Dr Pepper got in on the act.

Health drinks are becoming ever more popular

Of course, Dr Pepper wasn’t the first beverage conglomerate to divert its attention from the sugary drinks that were its stock-in-trade.

Dr P’s big rival PepsiCo recently bought over KeVita, a manufacturer of fermented probiotic and kombucha beverages, in a deal worth $200 million.

Antioxidant Drinks: Smart Alternatives to Soda

Artificial sweeteners are considered anathema by many hip, health-conscious modern consumers, who instead have a yen for natural antioxidant drinks.

Global brands now recognise the value in enticing such enlightened individuals and are diversifying their interests accordingly.

The health issues linked to sugar consumption are well documented, so it’s refreshing to see so many people shun fizzy drinks in favour of nourishing and nutritious alternatives.

Antioxidant drinks, green smoothies, plant protein shakes, alkaline water – these new-age options are cleaner, fresher and altogether superior to the popular soft drinks of bygone years.

Sugar Tax Shook Up the Industry

Governments have had their say in the discussion: the Soft Drinks Industry Levy was announced as part of the 2016 Budget.

It came on the back of calls from multiple health organisations, including the British Medical Association and the Royal Society for Public Health, to highlight health in the national consciousness.

Aimed at tackling childhood obesity, the ‘sugar tax’ made soft drinks companies pay a charge for selling products with added sugar.

The argument was that many sodas contained no intrinsic nutritional value (there are nine teaspoons of sugar in one 330ml can of regular cola) and could rather simply be formulated to contain less sugar.

Other countries, including France, Hungary and Finland, have taken similar measures, their interventions applauded by the World Health Organisation.

What Do Antioxidants Do?

The powers-that-be at Dr Pepper have acknowledged the popularity of antioxidant drinks: but what exactly makes them so special?

Antioxidants, which can be found in a variety of common fruits and vegetables, have been known to bolster the immune system, improve circulation and proper nerve function and protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.

Many studies have put antioxidants under the microscope (quite literally), particularly as they pertain to common health conditions, so it’s certainly worth delving deeper into the literature.

Antioxidant nutrients include vitamins, minerals and flavonoids.

Power Up with Spectrum Vibrance

If you eat plenty of fruit and vegetables, as well as nuts, beans and legumes, the chances are that you’ll be getting a good number of antioxidants already. But which fruits, and which vegetables, and how many?

High levels of antioxidants are most commonly found in vibrantly-coloured foods – raspberries, strawberries, cranberries; apples, red cabbage, russet potatoes.

One super-easy way to ensure you don’t miss out on the health-promoting effects of antioxidants is by consuming Spectrum Vibrance.

Clinically formulated by Vibrant Health, the green food company behind plant-based supplements like Green Vibrance and Maximum Vibrance, it is a generous blend of nature’s most colourful fruits and vegetables – 36, to be precise.

From freeze-dried blueberries to certified organic cabbage leaf and goji berry juice, Spectrum Vibrance supplies a profusion of nutrient- and antioxidant-rich whole foods and extracts, including many lush and exotic varieties that are generally tricky to come by.

These fruits and vegetables are not just teeming with antioxidants but vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients, too.

Unmatched Nutrition

Polyphenols, which offer protection against pathogens and oxidative damage, and carotenoids, which provide steely resistance to cellular damage, also feature prominently in Spectrum Vibrance.

The nutrient density of this ever-evolving fruit and vegetable supplement is virtually unmatched in modern diets, which are all too often lacking in key phytonutrients. A single serving delivers concentrated nutrition equivalent to 4.5 servings of yellow, red, green and blue fruits and vegetables.

As stated at the outset, healthy drinks are all the rage at the moment. But why buy an expensive sports bottle when you can blend your own energy-boosting beverage at leisure, whenever you want?

Spectrum Vibrance can be added to juice or water, stirred into a protein shake or blended in a smoothie. Eating your five-a-day has never been so easy – or enjoyable.


Polyphenols, which offer protection against pathogens and oxidative damage, and carotenoids, which provide steely resistance to cellular damage, feature prominently in Spectrum Vibrance.

The nutrient density of this ever-evolving fruit and vegetable supplement is virtually unmatched in modern diets, which are all too often lacking in key phytonutrients. A single serving delivers concentrated nutrition equivalent to 4.5 servings of yellow, red, green and blue fruits and vegetables.

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recipes to make water taste delicious

Alkaline Antioxidant Water: Hype or Does the Science Back It Up?

Alkaline Antioxidant Water: Hype or Does the Science Back It Up?

Alkaline antioxidant water is a term that is thrown around a lot in the health community. Health experts claim it's an easy way to promote well-being and fight disease. But is it just a load of hype or does science show it really can improve your health?

In short, alkaline antioxidant water is backed by science to provide a wide range of health benefits from promoting alkalinity to naturally detoxing the body through a naturally-occurring gas called molecular hydrogen. Here’s what the science says about incorporating this easy health hack into your diet.

What is Alkaline Antioxidant Water and Why Should You Drink It?

Alkaline water has a higher pH than normal water. The idea is that drinking water with a higher pH level will neutralise acids in the body to promote alkalinity and reduce the likelihood of developing disease.

Antioxidants and molecular hydrogen are the key ingredients in alkaline antioxidant water. As the average Western diet includes lots of processed foods and sugars that cause the body to become acidic, it’s very easy for toxins to accumulate in the body’s blood and tissues to cause inflammation and eventually disease.

Drinking alkaline antioxidant water is an easy way to flush toxins that accumulate from poor diet, stress, and lack of sleep and physical activity to promote an overall sense of well-being.

In addition to inducing acidosis, did you know that eating junk food may be shrinking your brain?

The smart answer is to start following an alkaline diet and drinking antioxidant water. Whatever you make of this type of diet, the overall message emphasises eating plenty of alkalising vegetables and cutting out refined foods (including grains and simple sugars); who can argue that that's ever a bad thing? Especially when the majority of Brits consistently fail to meet their daily quota of fresh fruit and vegetables.

According to the latest research, we should be eating 10 portions per day: easy if you're sticking to the alkaline diet, highly difficult if you're not.

If you’re drinking regular tap water, you can expect an extra helping of toxins. Tap water has been shown to contain dangerous chemicals such as chlorine, fluorine, arsenic, pesticides, nitrates and hormones. These chemicals may contribute to infertility, digestive problems and thyroid disease, among others.

What Does the Science Say?

Alkaline antioxidant water that has been infused with molecular hydrogen, a naturally-occurring that could bring serious health benefits. Molecular hydrogen itself works to protect the body from toxin damage, deep down where you need it most – at a cellular level.

According to a study published in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, molecular hydrogen has been shown to protect proteins, DNA and RNA from damage. It also helps trigger antioxidant enzymes for ultimate protection against the build-up of dangerous toxins and can even alter cell metabolism, gene expression and cell signalling.

According to a 2013 study, molecular hydrogen contains anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and anti-cell death properties that may be beneficial in the treatment of diabetes, nephritic syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, and cardiovascular diseases.

Furthermore, drinking antioxidant alkaline water may help improve digestive disorders associated with aging and poor diet.

A 2016 study published in Alternative Therapies In Health and Medicine stated that drinking alkaline antioxidant water could combat low-grade metabolic acidosis, which is responsible for altering the body’s pH levels and may become a significant predictor for the development of disease.

The study found that drinking alkaline antioxidant water reduces the incidence of coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease and may even lower total mortality rates to prolong your life and health.

Moreover, drinking alkaline water helped prevent osteoporosis and the build-up of toxins in the pancreas, according to the study.

Lastly, drinking alkaline water improves health by reducing harmful bacteria that may be accumulating in the digestive tract.

Incorporating Affordable Alkaline Antioxidant Water into Your Diet

Not everyone can afford thousands of pounds to have a molecular hydrogen system installed in their home. But drinking alkaline antioxidant hydrogen-enriched water becomes affordable for everyone when choosing to use the Biocera Alkaline Jug.

The Biocera Alkaline Jug is the most cost-effective way to get alkaline antioxidant water with molecular hydrogen in your diet. It works by raising tap water pH levels from 7.5 to 9.5 to naturally combat acidity in the body and flush out toxins.

Biocera filtered water contains antioxidant properties and neutralises free radicals that may otherwise accumulate in blood and tissues to cause disease. It also filters out harmful chemicals found in tap water that may be silently harming your family.

The Biocera Jug is attractive looking, so you don’t have to sacrifice style for a molecular hydrogen based water source. The jug holds 1.5 litres of water and fits easily in the fridge door.

Manufactured in Europe from BPA-free plastic, it does not require any plumbing connection or hard work. Simply pour tap water into the jug and enjoy clean-tasting water that has been scientifically shown to improve your health.

  • Fill several bottles of clean water and send your children to school knowing they will be healthy while you’re away.
  • Keep a few bottles in your car so you can sip on them throughout the day or while at the gym.
  • For other easy tips for keeping healthy and promoting an alkaline diet, see our article about boosting your immunity in the colder months.

To learn more, or to buy your own Biocera Alkaline Jug, please visit our online shop. You can also leave a message for one of our friendly and knowledgeable staff members to call you back and discuss your queries over the phone: just click on the Contact Us tab.

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