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Molecular Hydrogen: Unveiling its Therapeutic Potential and Mechanisms of Action

Molecular Hydrogen: Unveiling its Therapeutic Potential and Mechanisms of Action

Molecular hydrogen, often represented as H2, is a simple diatomic molecule that has garnered significant attention in the realms of science and medicine. While its basic structure might suggest simplicity, the therapeutic potential and diverse applications of H2 have made it a focal point of research and exploration.

At its core, molecular hydrogen is a tasteless, odourless and flammable gas. Yet, beyond these fundamental properties lies a world of therapeutic possibilities that have been hinted at in over 2,000 scientific studies. These studies span a wide range of human and animal disease models, suggesting that H2's influence is vast and its potential applications are expansive.

The importance of molecular hydrogen in the medical and scientific community cannot be understated. As researchers delve deeper into its mechanisms of action and potential benefits, there's a growing realisation that H2 might hold the key to addressing various health challenges. Its role in reducing oxidative stress, modulating signal transduction and influencing gene expression has opened up avenues of research that were previously unexplored.

This article aims to provide an in-depth exploration of molecular hydrogen, from its basic properties to its therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action. Through this journey, we will unveil the mysteries of H2 and shed light on why it has become a subject of such intense interest and study.

Historical Perspective

The intrigue surrounding molecular hydrogen is not a recent phenomenon. Its potential as a medical gas has been a subject of curiosity and study for decades, with roots tracing back to the mid-20th century.

  • Early Discoveries: One of the pioneering studies on hydrogen as a medical gas was conducted in 1975 by Dole and colleagues from Baylor University and Texas A&M. Published in the esteemed journal Science, their work highlighted the potential therapeutic applications of hyperbaric hydrogen in treating skin tumours. This groundbreaking study laid the foundation for subsequent research, hinting at the vast potential of H2 in medical applications.
  • Evolution of Research: Over the years, the scope of molecular hydrogen research expanded exponentially. From initial studies focusing on its potential anti-tumor properties, the research spectrum broadened to explore H2's role in combating oxidative stress, inflammation and various other pathological conditions. By the turn of the century, molecular hydrogen was being studied in relation to over 170 different human and animal disease models.
  • Growing Recognition: As the body of evidence grew, so did the recognition of molecular hydrogen's therapeutic potential. Prestigious scientific journals began publishing research on H2 and academic conferences started dedicating sessions to its exploration. The establishment of institutions like the Molecular Hydrogen Institute further underscored the importance of this molecule, providing platforms for collaboration, education and advancement of H2 research.
  • Modern-Day Applications: Today, molecular hydrogen is not just confined to research labs. Its applications have permeated various sectors of healthcare, from therapeutic treatments in hospitals to wellness products in the consumer market. The journey of H2, from a simple diatomic molecule to a potential therapeutic powerhouse, is a testament to the relentless pursuit of knowledge and the transformative power of scientific research.

What is Molecular Hydrogen?

Molecular hydrogen, denoted as H2, might seem deceptively simple at first glance. Comprising two hydrogen atoms bonded together, it's the smallest and most fundamental molecule in existence. Yet, beneath this simplicity lies a world of complexity and potential.

Basic Properties:

  • Physical Attributes: H2 is a colourless, tasteless and odourless gas under standard conditions. It's also highly flammable, which has made it a valuable resource in various industries beyond healthcare.
  • Chemical Characteristics: As a diatomic molecule, H2 is neutral, meaning it doesn't carry a charge. Its small size and neutral charge allow it to penetrate cellular membranes with ease, making it bioavailable and effective in various therapeutic applications.

Distinction from Other Forms of Hydrogen:

  • Atomic Hydrogen: Consists of individual hydrogen atoms. It's highly reactive and is rarely found in nature in its isolated form.
  • Hydrides: These are compounds in which hydrogen is bonded with another, more electronegative element. Examples include water (H2O) and methane (CH4).
  • Hydrogen Ions: These are charged species of hydrogen, including the proton (H+) and the hydride ion (H-). They play crucial roles in various chemical and biological processes but are distinct from neutral molecular hydrogen.
  • Natural Occurrence: While H2 is abundant in the universe, its concentration in Earth's atmosphere is minuscule, making up less than 0.00005% by volume. However, it's produced biologically in the gut through the fermentation of non-digestible carbohydrates.
  • Therapeutic Mechanisms: Molecular hydrogen's therapeutic potential stems from its unique properties. Its ability to reduce oxidative stress, modulate signalling pathways and influence gene expression has been the subject of extensive research. These mechanisms, which will be explored in detail in subsequent sections, underscore H2's versatility and efficacy in addressing a myriad of health challenges.

Therapeutic Potential of Molecular Hydrogen

The therapeutic promise of molecular hydrogen has been a focal point of scientific exploration for decades. Its multifaceted benefits span across a myriad of health conditions, making it a versatile and potent therapeutic agent.

Broad Spectrum of Research: 

  • Volume of Studies: Over 2,000 scientific studies have delved into the therapeutic potential of H2. These studies encompass a diverse range of methodologies, from in-vitro experiments to clinical trials.
  • Disease Models: The research on molecular hydrogen isn't limited to a specific ailment. It has been studied in relation to over 170 different human and animal disease models, showcasing its broad applicability.

Key Therapeutic Benefits:

  • Antioxidant Properties: One of the most celebrated benefits of H2 is its ability to combat oxidative stress. By selectively neutralising harmful free radicals, molecular hydrogen can protect cells from damage and support overall health.
  • Anti-inflammatory Effects: Chronic inflammation is a root cause of many diseases. H2 has shown promise in modulating inflammatory responses, potentially offering relief in conditions like arthritis, asthma and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Neuroprotective Abilities: Preliminary studies suggest that H2 might protect the brain from damage in conditions like Alzheimer's disease, stroke and traumatic brain injuries.
  • Metabolic Support: Molecular hydrogen has been explored for its potential benefits in metabolic disorders, including diabetes and obesity. It may support healthy metabolism by influencing pathways related to glucose and lipid metabolism.

Real-World Applications:

  • Medical Therapies: In certain countries, H2-infused solutions are used in medical settings to treat conditions like ischemia-reperfusion injuries and sepsis.
  • Wellness Products: The consumer market has seen a surge in H2-based products, from hydrogen-infused water to inhalation devices. These products aim to harness the therapeutic benefits of molecular hydrogen for everyday wellness.

Safety Profile:

  • One of the standout attributes of molecular hydrogen is its safety. Being a natural component of the human body, especially produced in the gut, H2 exhibits a favourable safety profile. Even in high concentrations, it doesn't pose significant adverse effects, making it a promising candidate for various therapeutic applications.

Mechanisms of Action

The therapeutic prowess of molecular hydrogen isn't just a result of its inherent properties, but also stems from its intricate interactions with various biological pathways. Delving into these mechanisms offers insights into how H2 exerts its multifaceted benefits.

Combating Oxidative Stress:

  • Selective Antioxidant: Unlike many antioxidants that neutralise all free radicals, H2 is selective. It primarily targets the hydroxyl radical (•OH), one of the most reactive and damaging free radicals, without affecting beneficial signalling radicals.
  • Redox Homeostasis: H2 plays a role in maintaining the balance between oxidants and antioxidants in the body, crucial for cellular health and function.

Modulating Signal Transduction:

  • Gaseous-signalling Molecules: H2 belongs to a class of gaseous-signalling molecules, which also includes nitric oxide (NO•), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S). These molecules play pivotal roles in transmitting signals within cells, influencing processes like inflammation, vasodilation and neurotransmission.
  • Influence on Protein Phosphorylation: Molecular hydrogen can modulate the addition or removal of phosphate groups from proteins, a process crucial for activating or deactivating many cellular functions.

Gene Expression and Transcriptional Regulation:

  • Nrf2 Pathway Activation: H2 can activate the Nrf2 pathway, a master regulator of antioxidant response. This leads to the upregulation of various antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase.
  • Anti-inflammatory Genes: Molecular hydrogen can downregulate pro-inflammatory genes, reducing the production of inflammatory cytokines and mediators.

Cellular Protection:

  • Anti-apoptotic Effects: H2 has shown potential in protecting cells from programmed cell death (apoptosis), especially under conditions of stress or injury.
  • Mitochondrial Support: The mitochondria, often termed the powerhouse of the cell, can benefit from H2. Molecular hydrogen may enhance mitochondrial function, boost energy production and reduce mitochondrial-induced oxidative stress.

Interactions with Other Molecules:

  • Synergistic Effects: In certain scenarios, H2 can work synergistically with other molecules or treatments, amplifying therapeutic outcomes. For instance, combining H2 with other antioxidants or therapeutic gases might offer enhanced benefits in specific conditions.

Misconceptions and Clarifications

With the rising interest in molecular hydrogen, there's been a surge in information, both accurate and misleading. It's essential to address common misconceptions to ensure a clear understanding of H2's true potential and limitations.

Alkaline vs. Alkalinity: 

  • The Confusion: Many discussions around hydrogen-rich water conflate the terms "alkaline" and "alkalinity." While they sound similar, they refer to different concepts.
  • Clarification: "Alkaline" refers to a solution's pH level, indicating its acidity or basicity. "Alkalinity," on the other hand, measures a solution's ability to neutralise acids. While molecular hydrogen can be present in alkaline water, its therapeutic effects are not directly tied to the water's pH.

Source of Hydrogen:

  • The Confusion: A common misconception is that any form of hydrogen, including that from water electrolysis or metal-based reactions, offers the same therapeutic benefits.
  • Clarification: The therapeutic potential of H2 is specific to molecular hydrogen. Other forms or sources of hydrogen might not offer the same health benefits and could even pose risks.

Concentration vs. Saturation:

  • The Confusion: There's often a mix-up between the concentration of H2 in a solution and its saturation point.
  • Clarification: While concentration refers to the amount of H2 dissolved in a solution, saturation denotes the maximum amount of H2 a solution can hold at a given temperature and pressure. Therapeutic effects might require specific concentrations, not necessarily saturation.

Safety and Dosage:

  • The Confusion: Given H2's benefits, there's a notion that "more is always better."
  • Clarification: While molecular hydrogen exhibits a favourable safety profile, it's essential to adhere to recommended dosages and concentrations. Excessive intake doesn't necessarily amplify benefits and could lead to unforeseen complications.

Therapeutic Universality:

  • The Confusion: Some believe that H2 is a "cure-all" solution for all health ailments.
  • Clarification: While molecular hydrogen has a broad spectrum of therapeutic applications, it's not a panacea. Its benefits are specific to certain conditions and mechanisms and it should be considered as part of a comprehensive health strategy.

Molecular Hydrogen Education and Certifications

As the therapeutic potential of molecular hydrogen gains recognition, there's a growing need for structured education and certification programs. These initiatives ensure that information about H2 is disseminated accurately, fostering a community of well-informed professionals and enthusiasts.

The Role of the Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI):

  • Pioneering Education: MHI stands at the forefront of hydrogen education, offering structured programs that delve deep into the science and application of molecular hydrogen.
  • Collaborative Research: Beyond education, MHI collaborates with universities and institutions worldwide, advancing research on molecular hydrogen and its myriad applications.

MHI Certification Programs:

  • H2 Apprentice: Designed for beginners, this course offers a foundational understanding of molecular hydrogen. It's an excellent starting point for those new to the field, ensuring a solid grasp of core concepts.
  • H2 Advisor (Level 1): This certification delves into the essentials of molecular hydrogen, covering background information in science, chemistry and therapeutic recommendations.

  • H2 Consultant (Level 2): Building on Level 1, this certification addresses common misconceptions, dives deeper into chemistry, and offers insights into hydrogen therapy, including dosage and concentration.
  • H2 Professional (Level 3): Aimed at those deeply involved in the hydrogen industry, this certification is paramount for sellers, distributors, medical professionals, researchers and anyone serious about hydrogen therapy.
  • H2 Expert (Level 4): This intensive certification fosters abstract thinking, problem-solving and a comprehensive understanding of all previous material. It culminates in a collaboration with the MHI founder to publish a peer-reviewed article.

Importance of Proper Education:

  • Combating Misinformation: With the rise in popularity of molecular hydrogen, there's an influx of misinformation. Proper education ensures that individuals can discern fact from fiction.
  • Empowering Professionals: For those in the healthcare and wellness sectors, such as doctors, nutritionists, trainers, and wellness coaches, a deep understanding of H2 is crucial. MHI's certification programs equip them with the knowledge to advise patients and clients accurately.

The Future of Hydrogen Education 

  • Expanding Reach: As the benefits of molecular hydrogen become more widely recognized, there's a growing demand for education. Future initiatives might include online courses, workshops and collaborative research projects.
  • Maintaining Industry Integrity: Through structured education and certification programs, the integrity and credibility of the molecular hydrogen industry can be upheld, ensuring that the public receives accurate and reliable information.

Current Research and Collaborations

The landscape of molecular hydrogen research is dynamic and ever-evolving. With each passing year, new discoveries are made and our understanding of H2's therapeutic potential deepens. Collaborative efforts play a pivotal role in this journey, propelling the field forward.

Collaborations with Universities and Institutions:

  • Global Reach: The Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI) has forged partnerships with universities and research institutions worldwide. These collaborations span continents, from North America to Asia, ensuring a diverse and comprehensive approach to research.
  • Interdisciplinary Approach: Collaborative research often brings together experts from various fields, from biochemists to medical doctors. This interdisciplinary approach ensures a holistic understanding of molecular hydrogen and its applications.

Highlights of Groundbreaking Research:

  • Neurological Disorders: Recent studies have delved into H2's potential in conditions like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and traumatic brain injuries. Preliminary findings suggest neuroprotective effects, opening avenues for potential therapeutic applications.
  • Cardiovascular Health: Research has explored the role of molecular hydrogen in conditions like atherosclerosis, hypertension and ischemia-reperfusion injuries. The findings hint at H2's potential in supporting heart health and improving vascular function.
  • Metabolic Disorders: Molecular hydrogen's influence on metabolic pathways has been a subject of study, with research exploring its potential benefits in conditions like diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Innovative Applications:

  • H2 in Sports and Fitness: Athletes and fitness enthusiasts are turning to molecular hydrogen for its potential benefits in recovery, performance enhancement and combating oxidative stress induced by intense physical activity.
  • Dermatological Research: Preliminary studies suggest that H2 might offer benefits for skin health, potentially aiding in conditions like atopic dermatitis, ageing and UV-induced damage.

Challenges and Limitations:

  • Standardisation: One of the challenges in H2 research is the lack of standardised protocols, especially concerning dosage, concentration and administration methods.
  • Clinical Trials: While there's a plethora of preclinical studies on molecular hydrogen, there's a need for more extensive, well-designed clinical trials to validate findings and ensure their applicability in real-world scenarios.

The Future of Molecular Hydrogen Research

As we stand on the cusp of numerous scientific breakthroughs, the future of molecular hydrogen research appears promising. The journey thus far has been enlightening, but there's still much to uncover and understand about this remarkable molecule.

Predictions for the Coming Years: 

  • Expanded Clinical Trials: The next decade is likely to witness an upsurge in clinical trials focusing on molecular hydrogen. These trials will be pivotal in translating laboratory findings into practical therapeutic applications.
  • Personalised Therapies: With advancements in genomics and personalised medicine, we might see tailored H2 therapies designed to cater to individual needs, based on genetic makeup and specific health profiles.
  • Technological Innovations: The way we administer and utilise molecular hydrogen will evolve. From advanced inhalation devices to innovative delivery systems, technology will play a crucial role in harnessing H2's therapeutic potential.

Potential Challenges:

  • Regulatory Hurdles: As with any therapeutic agent, molecular hydrogen will face regulatory challenges. Ensuring its safety, efficacy and quality will be paramount for its widespread acceptance and use.
  • Public Perception: While the scientific community is abuzz with the potential of H2, there's a need to educate the public accurately. Combatting misconceptions and ensuring that the benefits of molecular hydrogen are communicated effectively will be crucial.

Areas of Focus: 

  • Paediatric and Geriatric Applications: Research might delve deeper into the potential benefits of H2 for specific age groups, particularly children and the elderly.
  • Mental Health: Given the preliminary findings related to H2's neuroprotective effects, there's potential for research focusing on conditions like depression, anxiety and other mental health disorders.
  • Environmental Impact: As the use of molecular hydrogen expands, its environmental impact, particularly concerning production and disposal, will come into focus. Sustainable practices will be essential.

Collaborative Endeavours:

  • Interdisciplinary Research: The future will likely see collaborations between biochemists, medical professionals, technologists and environmental scientists, ensuring a holistic approach to H2 research.
  • Global Partnerships: As the significance of molecular hydrogen transcends borders, global partnerships will be pivotal. Sharing knowledge, resources and expertise will accelerate the pace of discovery and application.


The journey into the world of molecular hydrogen has been nothing short of enlightening. From its humble beginnings as a simple diatomic molecule to its current status as a potential therapeutic powerhouse, H2 has captivated the scientific and medical communities alike.

The vast body of research, spanning over 2,000 studies, paints a picture of a molecule with immense potential. Its ability to combat oxidative stress, modulate cellular signalling, influence gene expression and offer therapeutic benefits across a spectrum of human and animal disease models is truly remarkable.

However, as with any scientific endeavour, the path forward is paved with challenges. The need for standardised research protocols, comprehensive clinical trials and effective communication strategies is evident. But with these challenges come opportunities – opportunities for innovation, collaboration and discovery.

The Molecular Hydrogen Institute, along with numerous researchers, institutions, and enthusiasts worldwide, stands at the forefront of this exploration. Their collective efforts are driving the field forward, ensuring that the benefits of H2 are harnessed effectively and safely. 

As we conclude this deep dive into molecular hydrogen, it's evident that the journey is far from over. The future holds promise, and with continued research, collaboration and education, the full therapeutic potential of molecular hydrogen will undoubtedly be unveiled.

Discover the transformative power of hydration and quality nutrition with Water for Health's exclusive range of molecular hydrogen productsalkaline water filters, superfood powders, and premium supplements, tailored to elevate your wellbeing.

Further Reading

For those who wish to delve deeper into the world of molecular hydrogen, its therapeutic potential, and the science behind it, the following resources offer a wealth of informatio

Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI) - Research Articles:

  • A comprehensive collection of articles that explore various facets of molecular hydrogen, from its therapeutic applications to the underlying science.
  • Read more at MHI's Research Articles       

About Molecular Hydrogen Institute (MHI):

  • Learn more about the Molecular Hydrogen Institute, its mission, objectives and the team behind it. This resource provides insights into MHI's role in advancing research, education and awareness about molecular hydrogen.
  • Discover more about MHI

Recent Advances in Molecular Hydrogen Research Reducing Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress and Inflammation:  

  • This article delves into the effects of molecular hydrogen in reducing oxidative stress and inflammation induced by physical exercise. It provides a comprehensive review of the current knowledge on the topic, citing data from both animal and human studies.
  • Read the full article on PubMed

Molecular hydrogen: a therapeutic antioxidant and beyond:

  • An exploration of molecular hydrogen's role as a therapeutic antioxidant, this article sheds light on its potential applications in various diseases.
  • Access the article on PubMed

Trend of research on the medical use of molecular hydrogen: a bibliometric analysis:  

  • This bibliometric analysis offers a unique perspective on the trends in medical research concerning molecular hydrogen. It provides a comprehensive overview of the publications and their impact in the field.
  • Explore the analysis on PubMed

These resources serve as a comprehensive guide for those interested in understanding the therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action of molecular hydrogen in various health contexts.

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The Healing Power of Molecular Hydrogen: Reducing Inflammation Naturally

The Healing Power of Molecular Hydrogen: Reducing Inflammation Naturally

What is molecular hydrogen?

Molecular hydrogen (H2) is a gas composed of two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded together. It is the smallest molecule in existence and is also referred to as dihydrogen or hydrogen gas. (1)

Molecular hydrogen has gained significant attention in recent years due to its potential therapeutic benefits, particularly in reducing inflammation and oxidative stress.

Research has also found it to be a powerful antioxidant that is capable of neutralizing harmful free radicals in the body. Additionally, molecular hydrogen has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-allergy, and anti-apoptotic properties, making it a promising candidate for various health applications. (2)

Molecular hydrogen can be produced through various methods, including water electrolysis, reaction of magnesium with water, and bacterial fermentation.

Common uses of molecular hydrogen

  1. Health and wellness: Molecular hydrogen is often used as a dietary supplement to support overall health and wellness. It is believed to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
  2. Sports and fitness: Many athletes and fitness enthusiasts use molecular hydrogen to enhance performance, speed up recovery, and reduce muscle fatigue. It is believed to work by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation caused by strenuous physical activity. (3)
  3. Skincare: Molecular hydrogen is sometimes added to skin care products due to its potential anti-aging and skin-protective effects. It is believed to help neutralize free radicals that can damage skin cells and accelerate aging. (4)
  4. Water purification: Molecular hydrogen helps to reduce the risk of waterborne illnesses by neutralizing harmful bacteria and viruses and can therefore be used as a safe and effective alternative to traditional water purification methods such as chlorine.

How molecular hydrogen helps reduce inflammation

Antioxidant activity

Molecular hydrogen is a potent antioxidant that can neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress, which is a key contributor to chronic inflammation. By reducing oxidative stress, molecular hydrogen can help prevent cellular damage and inflammation.

Inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines

Molecular hydrogen has been shown to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are signaling molecules that contribute to the inflammatory response. By reducing cytokine production, molecular hydrogen can help to alleviate inflammation.

Suppressing inflammatory enzymes

Molecular hydrogen can also suppress the activity of enzymes that promote inflammation, such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). By inhibiting these enzymes, molecular hydrogen can help to reduce inflammation.

Activating the Nrf2 pathway

Molecular hydrogen has been shown to activate the Nrf2 pathway, which is a key regulator of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses in the body. By activating this pathway, molecular hydrogen can help to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress. (5)

Regulating gene expression

Molecular hydrogen has been shown to regulate the expression of genes that are involved in inflammation and oxidative stress. By modulating gene expression, molecular hydrogen can help to reduce inflammation and promote cellular health. (6)

Evidence-based studies on molecular hydrogen for inflammation

A large number of studies have confirmed that molecular hydrogen has a therapeutic effect on many diseases via inhibiting excessive inflammatory cells and factors.

Molecular Hydrogen: A promising adjunctive strategy for the treatment of COVID-19

A recent study conducted in 2021 by the Academician Zhong Nanshan in China on the treatment of patients with COVID-19 by inhalation of a mixed gas composed of hydrogen and oxygen had very promising results.

The study concluded that hydrogen acts on a variety of pathways to exert its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in the treatment of chronic inflammatory lung diseases. Therefore, it may alleviate the severe pulmonary symptoms of COVID-19. (7)

Hydrogen-rich water reduces inflammatory responses

A study published back in 2020 aimed to investigate the effects of HW consumption on oxidative stress and immune functions in healthy adults.

A group of test subjects was divided up with one half given 1.5 liters of plain water and the other 1.5 liters of hydrogen water per day to be consumed over a 4-week period.

The most notable findings showed transcriptional networks of inflammatory responses to be significantly down-regulated in the group given hydrogen water suggesting that hydrogen water does in fact increase antioxidant capacity thereby reducing inflammatory responses in healthy adults. (8)

5 ways to use molecular hydrogen

The following 5 methods listed below will help you conveniently incorporate this powerful ‘miracle’ molecule into your everyday life aiding in better overall health and wellness.

  1. Molecular hydrogen water: One of the most common ways to use molecular hydrogen is by drinking hydrogen-rich water. Hydrogen water is believed to have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can support overall health and wellness. Simply add a HydroTab to a glass of water and you will have an easy, convent way to incorporate hydrogen water into your daily routine. (9
  2. Inhalation: Molecular hydrogen can also be inhaled through a hydrogen inhaler or a hydrogen gas bag. Inhaling hydrogen gas is believed to be an effective way to deliver molecular hydrogen to the body, as it can be quickly absorbed through the lungs and into the bloodstream. (10)
  3. Topical application: It’s also very beneficial to apply molecular hydrogen topically to the skin in the form of hydrogen-rich creams or gels. This can help to promote skin health and protect against oxidative damage. (11
  4. Hydrogen baths: Taking a hydrogen bath is another way to use molecular hydrogen for overall health and wellness. A hydrogen bath involves soaking in hydrogen-rich water, which can help to relax the body and reduce inflammation.
  5. Supplements: Molecular hydrogen supplements are also available in the form of tablets or capsules. These supplements are designed to deliver molecular hydrogen directly to the body, where it can be quickly absorbed and used to support overall health and wellness.


HydroTab molecular hydrogen water tablets are made from a proprietary blend of pure magnesium and malic acid offering one of the quickest, most convenient ways to turn your own water supply hydrogen-rich.

Simply drop a HydroTab into a glass of water and wait until it has fully dissolved into millions of nano H2 bubbles – then drink straight away for maximum effect.

HydroTabs are far more potent than even high-end electronic water ionizers with the highest concentration of molecular hydrogen on the market at 10 Parts per Million (PPM) in 500ml of water.

A round of Hydro Tabs features include:

  • High concentration
  • 10 PPM of molecular hydrogen
  • Fast-dissolving
  • Quick & easy
  • Ready to drink in under 2 minutes

To Conclude

Harnessing the healing power of molecular hydrogen offers a natural and effective way to reduce inflammation.

This remarkable compound has been shown to possess potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a promising tool for maintaining overall health and well-being.

By incorporating molecular hydrogen into our daily routines through supplementation or hydrogen-rich water, we can tap into its potential to naturally alleviate inflammation and promote a healthier body. 

Embracing this natural remedy may be a key step towards a more balanced and vibrant life. But remember It is important to first seek proper guidance before partaking in any method of hydrogen therapy from your healthcare provider.

Written by Kieran Higgins, Health Writer.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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Energy Ion-H2 Ionizer

Quality, Affordable and Efficient. The Energy Ion-H2 is the ultimate home water ionization system!

Quality, Affordable and Efficient. The Energy Ion-H2 is the ultimate home water ionization system!

Water is the essence of life. It's important to every cell, tissue and organ in the human body with roughly 60% being made out of the stuff! (1) So it's no surprise that keeping your hydration levels topped up throughout the day is one of the key pillars of health.

But before you go glugging down glass after glass of that regular old tap water there may be a better alternative… Ionized water. This form of alkaline water has a higher pH value and is believed to offer several health benefits from decreased risk of heart disease to slowing down the ageing process.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at ionized water and the best way to get a constant supply in your home.

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glass of water

What's H2 Molecular Hydrogen Good For?

What's H2 Molecular Hydrogen Good For?

The water that you drink should be as natural as possible. Water devoid of minerals is in an unnatural state. Therefore some people choose to drink ionised water. But what does this really mean? And, more importantly, should you really drink ionised water?

If you think about it, water in nature gathers minerals naturally As it tumbles down a waterfall and gathers in an aquifer Water in nature is alkaline … and bursting with trace minerals These trace minerals are also called “mineral ions.” Hence the name “ionised” water.

Most of us don’t have access to natural spring water Unless we buy manufactured bottled water, which isn’t sustainable. Man-made ionised water can be a far better option. That way you don’t have all of the plastic bottle waste … and you can make it simply with tap water.

In this article, we’ll discuss all things “ionised water,” with a focus on hydrogen, and how this molecule, which makes up more than 80% of the visible universe can boost health and wellbeing.

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What's the Best Kind of Drinking Water?

Hydro Tabs: What They Do and When to Take Them

Hydro Tabs: What They Do and When to Take Them

When my friends or family get a headache, feel light headed or fatigued, the first thing I think about is hydration.

People often forget to drink their 6 to 8 cups of water a day. Or in some schools of thought, you should drink half your body weight in ounces of water.

That’s 50 ounces of water for a 100lb person.

Dehydration happens when you consume less water than you use up. Drinking enough water seems like it should be the answer, yet your body will only use the water to balance body fluids if you have the right amount of electrolytes.

Hydration tablets are a great way to quickly rehydrate. They contain electrolytes like magnesium and sugar (in the form of dextrose) plus high concentrations of hydrogen ions.

Hydration is important to maintaining performance and fluid balance. Especially in humid conditions, exercising in hot weather, or working.

For athletes, hydration tablets are a great way to help your body rehydrate.

In this article we’ll discuss everything you need to know about hydration tablets (hydro tabs), so that you can use them to quickly hydrate your body whenever you need to

  • What Do Hydro Tablets Do?

    Because of the high levels of hydrogen ions, hydration tablets help your body balance pH levels.

    The higher the concentration of hydrogen atoms, the more alkaline the water is.

    Maintaining an alkaline state is one way to keep your body healthy. As an acidic body leads to corrosion. Think of (acidic) drinking sugary drinks and what it does to your teeth. The same happens inside your body.

    Drinking highly concentrated hydro tabs that are filled with hydrogen is a quick way to hydrate and increase the alkalinity of your body.

    Of course, not all hydro tabs are the same. Some are merely electrolyte-filled tablets, which is great as that will help your body balance fluid levels. But the best kinds of hydro tabs are chock full with hydrogen ions as well as electrolytes.

    Molecular hydrogen has the same effect as therapeutic hydrogen gas.

    Learn more: Molecular Hydrogen: A Novel New Anti-Inflammatory?

    Hydrogen Science (H2 Biological Effects on Health)

    Many of the current chronic health issues plaguing humanity can be prevented with healthy lifestyle choices. Including preventative treatments like H2 therapy.

    Stress is one of the main factors that play a major role in the development of disease. When I say stress, many people simply think of mental stress. Sure, mental stress is one aspect. But people often overlook physical stress and how it takes a toll on the body.

    Oxidative stress occurs when the body fails to eliminate waste products. These could be from the metabolism of cells, after a stressful event, or vigorous exercise .

    One study found that high pressure H2 has antioxidant properties that can act as a treatment for the liver parasite infection-induced hepatitis.

    Another study found that the antioxidant properties of H2 can help relieve oxidative stress in a wide range of vital organs, including the brain

    When to Take Hydro Tabs

    Hydro tabs can be dropped in a glass of water and left to dissolve in minutes. They are best taken after vigorous exercise, or in humid conditions when the body feels parched.

    If you’re exercising for more than 90 minutes, staying hydrated becomes more important. In that case, it’s a good idea to take your hydro tabs with you and dissolve one in your drinking water.

    Another great use for hydro tabs is to rehydrate the elderly or infants in warm weather. Older people are at a greater risk of becoming dehydrated. To make matters worse, the sensation that signals thirst often malfunctions. Meaning that elderly people can become dehydrated quickly, especially in warm weather.

    Learn more: How Can Molecular Hydrogen Help Slow Down the Ageing Process?


    One study found that the antioxidant properties of H2 can help relieve oxidative stress in a wide range of vital organs, including the brain. 

    Like many health developments, hydro tabs have been developed as a go-to resource for modern busy living. They’re naturally flavoured and contain important electrolytes that are important to maintaining performance in athletes.

    In our view, the best kind of hydro tabs are bursting with H2 – an important antioxidant that can help reduce oxidative stress.

    Written by best-selling author and integrative nutrition health coach Rowanna Watson, who has a passion for natural health. Rowanna is an expert in all areas of holistic health, plant-based nutrition, detoxification and personal development.

    Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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man drink water from a bottle

Hydro Tabs: Everything You Need To Know

Hydro Tabs: Everything You Need To Know

Drinking water is essential, but it can be ineffective for hydration if you don’t have ample electrolytes in your system.

That’s where hydro tabs come in – and they’re especially useful during a heatwave or after exercise.

When we exercise and sweat, electrolytes leave the body and need to be replaced… fast!

Of course, adequate hydration is important at all times. Athletes are at particular risk of dehydration, which can significantly reduce their performance; therefore, hydro tabs are often used by endurance competitors.

In saying that, the elderly are at a heightened risk of dehydration and could benefit from an electrolyte boost.

So what are hydro tabs? Are they any good, and if so, when do you take them? These are all questions that we’ll be answering in this article.

What are Hydro Tabs?

Hydro tabs (a.k.a hydration tablets or electrolyte tablets) can be dissolved in drinking water. They contain five electrolytes that must be kept in balance for optimal health and hydration.

These electrolytes are sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium and calcium. A lack of any one of these ion electrolytes can not only be a barrier to proper hydration but can also throw your systems out of whack.

Take magnesium, for example; a lack of magnesium can cause twitches, anxiety or a lack of sleep.

When it comes to hydration, your cells cannot absorb water without the right balance of electrolytes!

Having a quick and easy way to replenish your electrolytes after exercise can therefore help your body recover more quickly.

For endurance athletes, hydro tabs are a lifesaver – plus they assist in optimal performance and recovery when added to water and consumed during exercise. 

Learn more: Minerals for Dehydration: The Vital Role of Mineral Electrolytes

Are Hydro Tablets Any Good?

To figure this out, let’s look at the science.

In a study published in 2020, eight men and ten women between the age of 18-45 drank water only or water with electrolyte tablets.

One litre of fluid was consumed in one hour when they went to the research lab, roughly one week apart.

The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of taking hydro tabs for fluid balance. The participants provided a urine sample for analysis, hourly for four hours post-exercise. 

The researchers found that electrolyte tablets can lead to improved fluid balance when compared to drinking water alone.

Interestingly, taking stronger hydro tabs made no difference to fluid balance.

It’s important that you consume a balanced hydro tab. In the past, there was a focus on sodium intake to balance fluid levels.

While sodium will aid in the absorption of water, taking it alone as your electrolyte booster can lead to an imbalance in potassium levels.

Related: The 5 Best Plant Sources of Electrolytes

The Best Time of Day to Take Hydration Tablets

Hydro tabs can be taken before, during and after exercise to maintain optimal hydration. About 500ml to 1 litre per hour is optimal, especially when exercising in sunlight or extreme heat.

Drop a hydro tab into your water bottle and you’re sorted, simple as that. Best taken when working in humid conditions, hydro tabs are important for maintaining performance. In a rested state, additional electrolytes are not necessary. 

The main aim of hydro tabs is to reduce fluid loss. Therefore, the electrolyte drink should be taken at a rate that will replenish water and electrolytes that are released through sweat.

Electrolytes should be replenished during and after vigorous exercise. This will have the knock-on effect of better performance, wellbeing and hydration.

We should note, incidentally, that we offer a product called HydroTab. Confusingly, it is a little different to the hydro tabs discussed above! Although it contains magnesium, HydroTab isn’t so much concerned with boosting hydration as increasing the quantity of molecular hydrogen (h2), a novel antioxidant, within the water. Interestingly, hydrogen-rich water has its own benefits for physical performance with one study noting its positive effect on muscle performance, lactate response, and delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) following weight training.


Researchers found that electrolyte tablets can lead to improved fluid balance when compared to drinking water alone.

Sweating during exercise or extreme heat can dehydrate the body. It’s not just the water that you’re losing; sweat also contains electrolytes.

Making sure that you drink enough water with the correct electrolyte balance can be hard. That’s why electrolyte tabs have been developed.

The tablets are naturally flavoured and typically effervescent – and so dissolve easily, allowing your body to rehydrate by restoring important electrolytes. 

Written by best-selling author and integrative nutrition health coach Rowanna Watson, who has a passion for natural health. Rowanna is an expert in all areas of holistic health, plant-based nutrition, detoxification and personal development.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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Molecular Hydrogen: A Novel New Anti-Inflammatory?

Molecular Hydrogen: A Novel New Anti-Inflammatory?

There is an ever-increasing body of evidence supporting the effectiveness of molecular hydrogen with overall inflammation in the body, as well as playing a role in various diseases and infection. Here is a very brief overview to pique your interest and perhaps look into it for yourself.

What is inflammation?

Acute inflammation is your body’s natural way of healing and repairing itself when it comes into contact with a harmful pathogen (bacteria or virus), allergens (from food, pollen, dust etc.), or you have an injury. 

An almost immediate response, acute inflammation is a first line of defence and relatively short-lived. It’s designed to get rid of any harmful agents via microcirculation.

This ensures swift delivery of leukocytes (a type of white blood cell) to the area of injury to remove the toxins and repair any damage. Once healing is established, your inflammatory response shuts down.

With acute inflammation, you can experience redness, increased heat, swelling, pain and loss of function. These are all your body’s way of fast-tracking, isolating and limiting the danger of the trauma or infection.

So, as you can see, this is self-preservation and designed to protect you. Issues arise when for various reasons, you develop low-level chronic (longer lasting) inflammation which can lead to an increased risk of infection and disease.

Lots of things can cause systemic inflammation including poor gut health leading to conditions such as leaky gut, a bad diet, exposure to environmental toxins, chronic stress, insomnia, smoking, obesity, and excessive alcohol consumption. The list goes on.

When there’s an imbalance, your system becomes overwhelmed, and regulatory pathways start to go haywire. You may have heard of free radicals and know that they can be harmful to health, but we also need them. Without a healthy ratio of antioxidants and free radical reactive oxygen species (ROS), your body cannot carry out various physiological processes.

Problems occur when this delicate balance is disturbed over a prolonged time. Antioxidant defences can’t keep up with increasing levels of ROS which generates inflammatory responses, which increase ROS even more.

Meanwhile, raised free radicals (oxidative stress) cause damage to cells and tissues and a vicious cycle ensues.

What is molecular hydrogen, and how can it reduce inflammation?

Molecular hydrogen is hydrogen gas (H2), found in trace amounts in the air. By all accounts, it has immense antioxidant capabilities but with a difference.

Compared to other antioxidants which can be less discriminating between targeting harmful free radicals and important signalling ROS species, H2 targets specific free radicals, protecting the cells from damage.

One of the most toxic and highly reactive radical species is known as hydroxyl, which indiscriminately attacks our molecules, damaging and killing them. Hydroxyl is present in significant amounts in many chronic diseases. By effecting cultured cells with extreme oxidative stress, researchers found that hydrogen (H2) can select and substantially reduce hydroxyl, protecting the cells.

H2 gas can also effectively and rapidly pass through biomembranes, reaching the centre of your cells

It is still not fully understood exactly how H2 works but it has selective anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. Because it targets harmful ROS like hydroxyl and peroxynitrite, molecular hydrogen prevents DNA damage. It downregulates the expression of proinflammatory and inflammatory cytokines, reducing oxidative stress, and it also helps upregulate your cells’ antioxidant defence system.

The anti-inflammatory action of molecular hydrogen, along with its other capabilities, has the potential to positively affect various diseases, including metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and organ injury. Research in this continues, but so far, the results appear promising.

Molecular hydrogen and gut health

It appears that H2 is naturally produced in the gut through the fermentation of undigested carbohydrates by certain gut bacteria. Escherichia coli produces a substantial amount, but so far, little is known about the therapeutic effects of gastrointestinal H2.

Researchers have found that antibiotics can inhibit the production of H2 in the gut, and an animal study discovered that innate H2 production in the colon had anti-inflammatory effects on colitis

Hydrogen produced in the colon may also help to improve intestinal motor function, reducing food transit time, preventing constipation. Among other things, turmeric can encourage the production of H2 by gut bacteria, and some researchers hypothesise that hydrogen gas in the gut could play a role in preventing cardiovascular events.

Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury develops when the blood flow to the intestines decreases, followed by the re-establishment of the blood supply to the ischemic tissue. Potentially life-threatening intestinal I/R injury causes intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction, increased oxidative stress and severe local and systemic inflammation as well as distant organ injury. For example, it may cause acute lung inflammation. 

Causes vary, but the only medical treatment for I/R is surgery, and it is thought that dysbiosis (unbalanced gut microbiota) plays a role. In one animal study, injected H2 solution reduced inflammation, oxidative stress and I/R injury.

H2 treatment has also been shown to reduce transplant induced intestinal injuries and alleviate colonic mucosal damage and postoperative constipation in animal studies.

A brief mention of COVID-19

According to researchers, at the cellular level, COVID-19 is characterised by a dysregulated inflammatory response of the immune system, excessive oxidative stress and impaired cellular function.

Molecular hydrogen has proven its healing capacity in these areas, and a mini-review in the ‘Journal of Translational Science‘ discusses the potential of hydrogen-rich water as a treatment for COVID patients alongside nitric oxide. You can read it here.

How is molecular hydrogen (H2) administered?

There are several ways molecular hydrogen can be successfully administered whether it’s orally as water, the gas is inhaled, or it’s injected or intravenously administered as a saline infusion.

Methods vary among researchers, and several positive studies have used hydrogen-rich water – water into which molecular hydrogen has been dissolved or released.

Cultured cell studies using hydrolysed water show that it can penetrate cellular membranes and function as an antioxidant in human liver cells.

Within other human cells, it has been able to modulate glucose uptake and insulin signalling. Human studies, including a pilot study on patients with RA, have had good results using HRW. It has displayed anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in several studies for multiple diseases.

How to make your own hydrogen water

There are lots of expensive options out there, but if you would like something more affordable, we recommend the Biocera alkaline jug and filters. This stands out from regular filters and transforms tap water into alkaline, mineral-dense, hydrogen-rich water.

You can also make your own H2 water by using molecular hydrogen tablets. They provide a higher concentration of hydrogen, measured in parts per million (PPM) rather than parts per billion. They generally combine a form of elemental magnesium and an organic acid which releases the bonds of H2O after mixing with water. The result is millions of hydrogen gas-filled nanobubbles. 

HydroTab is a blend of pure magnesium and malic acid. It has the highest concentration of molecular hydrogen on the market, at 10 PPM, in 500ml of water and is more effective at producing hydrogen-rich water than a high-end electronic ioniser. These smart tablets create H2 water that is ready to drink in just two minutes.


Molecular hydrogen or H2 is an inert gas, found in trace amounts in the air. It is also present in your body, and your gut naturally produces H2. 

It has immense antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities, and research continues to find out how far-reaching and beneficial molecular hydrogen could be as a treatment for many diseases. This is, in part, as H2 can significantly lower oxidative stress, a precursor to chronic inflammation and protect your cells from damage.

When you consider that chronic low-level inflammation has the potential to cause and advance many diseases, looking into ways to successfully down-regulate inflammation could be a way forward to treating chronic illness. Molecular hydrogen could be a part of that process and warrants further attention.

Related articles:

How Can Molecular Hydrogen Help Slow Down the Ageing Process?

How to Make Molecular Hydrogen: Tips for Creating H2

Written by Rebecca Rychlik, Nutritional Therapist and Homeopath. Follow Rebecca on Instagram, Facebook and Medium, @rebeccabitesback.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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elderly man speaking to old woman

How Can Molecular Hydrogen Help Slow Down the Ageing Process?

How Can Molecular Hydrogen Help Slow Down the Ageing Process?

"The common denominator that underlies all modern theories of biological ageing is change in molecular structure and, hence, function." – Leonard Hayflick, Professor of Anatomy at the University of California, San Francisco, and researcher on ageing.

Research continues to try and determine the intricacies of the ageing process and what causes its acceleration. But whatever the reason, it's more of a synergistic process than just coming down to one thing.

There are several converging causes including free radical damage, gene expression and DNA changes; inflammation and mitochondrial function decline. Loss of Nrf2, which helps to upregulate our cells' antioxidant defence system, is also a contributor as well as reduced telomere length.

So it may be interesting to know that within the hundreds of studies looking into the benefits of molecular hydrogen (H2), it appears to have a positive effect on... all of these.

What causes ageing?

The exact way in which this important little molecule works is unknown. Still, it does appear to be a novel and powerful antioxidant which modulates gene expression, suppressing pro-inflammatory cytokines, reducing oxidative stress, activating the Nrf2 antioxidant transcription factor and mitigating cellular damage. 

Your diet, emotions, sleep patterns, alcohol and drug intake, weight, exposure to environmental toxins and socioeconomic status can all contribute to your ageing process. They can alter your DNA and gene expression and increase free radical damage and inflammation.

Research suggests that DNA changes throughout someone’s life can significantly increase their susceptibility to heart conditions and other age-related diseases.

Your gene expression and response to your lifestyle and environment can determine whether you will be prone to accelerated ageing.

It’s also a common belief that excessive oxidative stress (free radical damage) and prolonged low-level inflammation are precursors to chronic disease. This includes those associated with biological ageing such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis and cancer.

So how can molecular hydrogen help?

In 2007, a groundbreaking article published in Nature altered the face of research on ageing. It revealed the powerful antioxidant capacity of hydrogen gas and its ability to protect cells from damage by selectively scavenging toxic free radicals. 

Acute free radical damage (or oxidative stress) causes inflammation and destruction to cells and tissues. Over time, this leads to all manner of chronic disease, including cancer. 

One of the most toxic and highly reactive radical species is known as hydroxyl, which indiscriminately attacks our molecules, damaging and killing them. By effecting cultured cells with extreme oxidative stress, researchers found that hydrogen (H2) can select and substantially reduce hydroxyl, protecting the cells

H2 gas can also rapidly pass through membranes, and these same researchers found that the inhalation of H2 vapour shielded the effects of oxidative stress and suppressed brain injury in mice.

Since 2007, several studies have shown that molecular hydrogen has healing potential that goes way beyond merely selecting hydroxyl. With its ability to successfully diffuse into cells and be non-toxic at high concentrations, H2 shows promise as an effective therapeutic for a catalogue of health issues and diseases including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive impairment, heart and vascular disease, strokes, metabolic disease, liver damage, brain injury, and organ transplant.

Molecular hydrogen has shown an ability to control cell signalling and gene expression resulting in the suppression of inflammation and oxidative stress. It also appears to activate the Nrf2 antioxidant transcription factor, helping to reduce inflammatory injury.

H2 has the potential to improve the levels or activity of SIRT 1, one of the seven known intracellular proteins called sirtuins. These are integral to the ageing process, and are nicknamed ‘longevity proteins’. 

Telomeres are stretches of DNA and proteins that form the ends of our chromosomes. Each time our cells divide, the telomere length shortens. There’s a point at which they can’t get any shorter, and this ultimately results in cell death.

While telomere shortening is associated with tumour suppression, it is also linked to limited stem cell function, regeneration and organ maintenance during ageing. It’s also connected with an increased age-related chronic disease and cancer risk.

Once more, molecular hydrogen shows a promising ability to slow the ageing process, this time by modulating telomerase activity which is the enzyme responsible for maintenance of the length of telomeres.

Hydrogen-rich water may be effective 

While all this research is positive and ongoing, it’s important to note that it is a work in progress and remains inconclusive. Although there are some human studies, many tend to be small and animal or cultured cell-based. 

Hydrogen water is water into which molecular hydrogen has been dissolved or released, and some researchers have found the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties of H2 water to benefit quality of life and the ageing process.  

For example, cultured cell studies using hydrolysed water showed that it was able to penetrate cellular membranes and function as an antioxidant in human liver cells. Within other human cells, it was also able to modulate glucose uptake, insulin signalling and SIRT 1 activity, as well as protect telomeres from degradation. 

As H2-water has anti-oxidative effects which may help to inhibit age-related inflammation and tissue damage, researchers ran a trial to see if it could protect against ageing periodontal tissue in rats. After consuming hydrogen water up until 16 months, the experimental group of rats had lower levels of oxidative tissue damage compared to the controlled group who drank distilled water. 

Stress and other negative emotions take their toll on ageing too, and one 2018 study found that after drinking hydrogen water for four weeks, participants experienced improvements in mood and anxiety markers. It also enhanced the autonomic nervous system.

An animal study published in Nature in 2018, meanwhile, found that hydrogen-rich water has the potential to suppress vascular ageing.  For more information about ongoing research into the possible therapeutic benefits of molecular hydrogen and hydrogen water, visit the Molecular Hydrogen Institute.

How to make your own hydrogen water


There are lots of expensive options out there, but if you would like something more affordable, we recommend the Biocera alkaline jug and filters. This stands out from regular filters and transforms tap water into alkaline, mineral-dense, hydrogen-rich water.

You can also make your own H2 water by using molecular hydrogen tablets. They provide a higher concentration of hydrogen, measured in parts per million (PPM) rather than parts per billion.

Hydrogen tablets generally combine a form of elemental magnesium and an organic acid which releases the bonds of H2O after mixing with water. The result is millions of hydrogen gas-filled nanobubbles. 

HydroTab is a blend of pure magnesium and malic acid. It has the highest concentration of molecular hydrogen on the market, at 10 PPM, in 500ml of water and is more effective at producing hydrogen-rich water than a high-end electronic ioniser. These smart tablets create H2 water that is ready to drink in just two minutes.


We always encourage you to do your own research and draw your own conclusions about any topics we discuss. But if you feel that you would benefit from drinking hydrogen water, we proudly stand behind our products.

Whether orally administered as water, inhaled as gas, or injected or intravenously administered as a saline infusion, there is a growing body of research supporting the role of molecular hydrogen in the slowing of the ageing process, and treatment and prevention of some age-related diseases. 

Watch this space, and in the meantime, you can always find out more by reading the growing number of research papers online.

Written by Rebecca Rychlik, Nutritional Therapist and Homeopath. Follow Rebecca on Instagram, Facebook and Medium, @rebeccabitesback. 

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.


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3d illustration of molecule compound of hydrogen and carbon

How to Make Molecular Hydrogen: Tips for Creating H2

How to Make Molecular Hydrogen: Tips for Creating H2

Molecular hydrogen continues to be the subject of intense interest in the health world. To suggest, just a few years ago, that the smallest, most prevalent molecule in existence could be a possible solution to many of our health challenges might have seemed outlandish – but in fact, the medical evidence has been mounting in Asia for decades.

Molecular hydrogen – or H2 – is a medical gas which has a profound beneficial effect on several markers of health such as oxidative stress, lipid metabolism, inflammation, signalling pathways and apoptosis.

Although it has been used in clinical settings for many decades, particularly in Japan, only relatively recently have commercially-available products given us the opportunity to test its therapeutic potential for ourselves. In this blog, we intend to discuss ways and means of making molecular hydrogen and briefly summarise some of the literature on this topic.

How Does Molecular Hydrogen Work?

One of the main difficulties when it comes to speaking about molecular hydrogen is attempting to marshall the complex science into anything approaching intelligible language.

That’s because educating oneself about molecular hydrogen leads inevitably to the research papers (of which there are around 1,000), and if you’ve spent any time studying peer-reviewed journals, you’ll know just how difficult it is to a) make sense of them and b) convey and elucidate their contents in such a way that the layman can understand.

As evidence, let’s take just a few conclusions from studies conducted in the last decade: “Molecular hydrogen suppresses FcepsilonRI-mediated signal transduction and prevents degranulation of mast cells”; “Hydrogen gas improves survival rate and organ damage in zymosan-induced generalized inflammation model”; “Hydrogen-rich saline protects immunocytes from radiation-induced apoptosis.”

By far the most well-documented benefits of molecular hydrogen concern its anti-ageing, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergenic properties. Not only is H2 an antioxidant but it is a selective antioxidant, singling out the most damaging free radical – hydroxyl (OH) – and turning it into harmless H20.

In other words, molecular hydrogen reacts with strong oxidants while leaving other beneficial oxidants reactive.

A study published last year suggested molecular hydrogen could have a dramatic anti-fatigue effect, with Korean researchers suggesting hydrogen-rich water could be considered a safe remedy for chronic fatigue control.

This strengthened the results of an earlier study on elite athletes, which found that drinking hydrogen water before exercise reduced blood lactate levels and improved exercise-induced decline of muscle function.

What’s more, a study from 2018 found that four weeks of drinking hydrogen water resulted in improvements in mood, anxiety markers and autonomic nerve function, “suggesting that administration may offer an effective method to reinforce Quality of Life and maintain good health.”

Due to its wide-ranging actions, and the fact that it is not toxic even at high levels, it is perhaps unsurprising that molecular hydrogen therapy has been documented for conditions as diverse as myocardial injury, Parkin’s disease (in conjunction with regular medication), vascular ageing of the aorta, mood disorders, type 2 diabetes and even arthritis.

How to Make Molecular Hydrogen

There are many methods of producing molecular hydrogen, as evidenced by the multiple administration methods used in scientific studies. These include oral intake of hydrogen-rich water, intravenous drip infusion of hydrogen-rich saline, hydrogen baths (generally for topical conditions, i.e. skin disorders) and inhalation with 2-3% hydrogen gas.

The former is by far the most well-known, at least in non-clinical settings. Hydrogen-rich water is essentially water into which molecular hydrogen has been dissolved or released. The H2-generating agent can differ between bioceramic minerals or special H2 formulations (generally tablets) which emit the gas into the water.

Hydrogen water generations have appeared on the market in recent years, although these technologies – which utilise special membranes – are incredibly costly. A better alternative might be to purchase ready-to-drink hydrogen water, use a hydrogen water jug, a home water ionizer, or try special hydrogen-stimulating tablets which you add to water.

Molecular hydrogen tablets generally consist of a special form of elemental magnesium combined with natural organic acid which, after interacting with water, releases the bonds of H2O, creating millions of H2 nanobubbles with the added benefit of magnesium ions.

One of the main advantages of using molecular hydrogen tablets is that they provide a higher concentration of H2 – measured in parts-per-million rather than parts-per-billion.

HydroTab, a blend of magnesium and malic acid, has been shown to achieve a hydrogen concentration of 10 parts-per-million, the highest concentration in the industry. To offer a comparison, the aforementioned study which resulted in improvements to mood, anxiety and autonomic nervous function, used hydrogen-rich water with a ppm of 0.8-1.2, twice per day.

HydroTabs come in tubs of 30 or 60 tablets, and the video above shows the tablets undergoing a test to determine molecular hydrogen content.

How to Measure Molecular Hydrogen

Measuring molecular hydrogen can be a costly process, particularly if you are using the typical method of detection: electrochemical gas sensors. However, one alternative is to use a hydrogen test kit in the form of a methylene blue-platinum colloid reagent.

The latter method has been exhaustively outlined in this 2012 paper. In essence, you add the blue reagent drops to hydrogen-rich water and wait for the water to clear.

What you should remember about H2 water is that it should be drunk within two hours of opening, and in fact, the sooner the better: with the passage of time, the molecular hydrogen concentration decreases incrementally.

Oh, and since we’re all about interesting facts, here’s an interesting one you mightn’t have known about: molecular hydrogen is one of three components of the interior of our solar system’s largest planets, namely Saturn and Jupiter!


The bio-benefits of molecular hydrogen warrant further investigation, but there is already enough information in the public domain for one to make an educated guess as to the effects they might conceivably have.

Hydrogen-infused water is GRAS Certified by the FDA, assuring its safety, and the number of positive testimonials and research papers continues to grow. We will, of course, continue to keep you informed about developments in this area.

If you’re interested in learning more about molecular hydrogen, SelfHacked have put together an interesting guide which includes many links to the relevant scientific literature. The work of the non-profit Molecular Hydrogen Institute is also invaluable, and there are many great resources on their website.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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The Benefits of Hydrogen Rich Water and How to Make Your Own

The Benefits of Hydrogen Rich Water and How to Make Your Own

Drinking more water is on most people's to-do list. And no wonder: water is, after all, wholly necessary for survival and cellular homeostasis. It also aids in weight loss, digestive support and healthy skin.

But some water may actually be doing you more harm than good. Most tap water is full of toxins such as arsenic, fluoride and chlorine.

There are more than 80 regulated contaminants in our tap water and some that are not regulated, including perchlorate, otherwise known as rocket fuel.

A 2003 article published in Environmental Health Perspectives found that tap water may also be contaminated with pharmaceutical drugs.

You should be picky about the water you drink. Drinking properly filtered water is a great way to reduce the amount of toxins you are ingesting, while favouring mineral-rich alkaline water will increase your intake of alkaline minerals that promote natural detoxification.

Hydrogen-rich water, meanwhile, is becoming known as the 21st-century's "wellness water". Rich in antioxidants and the subject of numerous studies, hydrogen water is no craze – as we aim to outline.

Benefits of Molecular Hydrogen

As a relatively new discovery, molecular hydrogen has been examined in over 500 peer-reviewed studies since 2007. Molecular hydrogen is the smallest element and lightest molecule.

It was discovered in the healing waters of Nordenau, Germany; Tlacote, Mexico; and Hita Tenryousi, Japan.

Hydrogen molecular gas exists in these springs as a result of water reacting with the alkali-earth metals or from bacteria and algae in the water that produce molecular hydrogen gas.

Molecular hydrogen is a tasteless and odourless gas that has potential therapeutic actions in essentially every organ in the human body. Indeed, it may be able to protect against 150 different diseases.

When added to water, hydrogen gas is able to modulate cell-signalling activity to provide anti-obesity, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy benefits.

It also works as a powerful antioxidant to reduce toxins in the body.

A 2014 study published in Pharmacology & Therapeutics found that molecular hydrogen has preventative and therapeutic actions against many diseases.

Active hydrogen is rapidly diffused into cells and tissues where it disturbs gene expressions that cause chronic diseases. Yet it is mild enough not to cause side effects.

Along with being an anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory, molecular hydrogen stimulates energy metabolism, which can aid in weight loss.

Drinking hydrogen-infused water can protect your heart and improve digestive health. According to a 2009 study, hydrogen’s potent antioxidant ability also prevents against cardiovascular disease.

Molecular hydrogen works to reduce inflammation in the gut and protect against oxidative stress in the colon much like a high-fibre diet.

Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, molecular hydrogen may also be able to defend against inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and atherosclerosis.

Although more research is needed, there seems a promising future for molecular hydrogen in the prevention of chronic diseases and the appearance of skin aging, which are caused by persistent oxidative stress, or a build-up of toxins.

Molecular hydrogen is a powerful antioxidant that combats oxidative stress more efficiently than many other antioxidants.

How Does It Work?

The therapeutic actions in molecular hydrogen can be explained thus.

First, since molecular hydrogen is easily diffused into tissues and cells, it protects RNA, DNA and proteins from toxins and dangerous reactions.

Next, H2 triggers antioxidant enzymes to protect against damaging proteins in the body.

Lastly, molecular hydrogen has the ability to alter cell signalling, cell metabolism and gene expression. This means that it has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic abilities. It also prevents healthy cells from dying.

How To Make Your Own Molecular Hydrogen

There are several ways to produce molecular hydrogen. One is to use HydroTabs, dissolvable tablets which offer more efficient means of producing hydrogen-rich water than an electronic water ioniser.

HydroTabs offer the highest concentration of molecular hydrogen on the market, at 10 Parts per Million.


At Water for Health, we have a number of products which supply hydrogen-rich water. They include the Energy Plus Undersink Water Filter, the Energy Ion-H2 Home Water Ionizer and the Biocera Alkaline Antioxidant Jug.

The former also contains a number of filter media to further enrich the water by removing contaminants such as heavy metals and bacteria; it also gets rid of fluoride and chlorine, and adds beneficial minerals to the water.

Want to make your own hydrogen water? It’s never been easier.

Water for Health Ltd began trading in 2007 with the goal of positively affecting the lives of many. We still retain that mission because we believe that proper hydration and nutrition can make a massive difference to people’s health and quality of life. Click here to find out more.

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Metabolic Syndrome Study: Hydrogen Rich Water Reduces Oxidative Stress

Metabolic Syndrome Study: Hydrogen Rich Water Reduces Oxidative Stress

Obesity, insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure are collectively called metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome sufferers often end up with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

These three deadly disease are rampant in industrialised countries and is increasing in developing countries because of our unhealthy food production methods that we are exporting to them.

Oxidative Stress Causes Metabolic Syndrome

Researchers have established that oxidative stress contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome. If we can prevent or reduce the oxidative stress, we may manage to control the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and its accompanying evils.

Oxidative Stress in Stored Fat

Accumulated stored fat is packed with reactive oxygen species (or ROS), which are basically oxygen-containing molecules that have high oxidative reactivity with lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. These ROS then cause considerable oxidative stress in the stored fat.

Not only does oxidation increase, but antioxidative enzymes are reduced. This has been found to be a common cause of obesity-associated metabolic syndrome. In fact, it is one of the earliest signs that metabolic syndrome may develop.

Oxidative Stress Cause Insulin and Leptin Resistance

  • If the body has too much or too little of these hormones, or if it responds incorrectly to these hormones, metabolic syndrome occurs because they govern appetite control, energy expenditure, carbohydrate and fat metabolism, correct blood pressure, and blood glucose levels. There are two ways in which oxidative stress cause resistance to these essential energy and metabolism-related hormones:

  • Oxidative stress brings about insulin resistance within the fat tissue in which there is oxidative damage.

  • Oxidative stress in the brain causes insulin and leptin resistance throughout the body by attacking the brain's centres that help regulate these hormones. Mechanisms in the central nervous system and hypothalamus have been found to make important contributions to the body's levels and correct responses to these hormones. When researchers injected a substance that caused oxidative stress to the brains of animals, they found that the resulting oxidative brain stress produced glucose intolerance, blood pressure increase, and hormone resistance in the liver and throughout the body in just three days.

Oxidative Stress in the Brain

The brain is extremely strongly threatened by oxidative stress because it uses a huge amount of oxygen to carry out its normal functions.

Researchers have concluded that poor nutrition, or more precisely overnutrition, can trigger intracellular oxidative stresses, especially in the brain and central nervous system.

Hydrogen Rich Water to the Rescue

Hydrogen water is receiving a lot of attention for its seeming ability to combat oxidative stress. If it is true that it can control oxidation, then it can help prevent one of the biggest contributing factors to metabolic syndrome and its accompanying risk of cardiovascular disease.

One study discovered that 1.5 litres of hydrogen rich water, made by portable magnesium stick, reduced oxidation by approximately 40 per cent and cholesterol by 13 per cent.

An even earlier study concluded that hydrogen rich water could reduce the occurrence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and could thereby prevent brain injury caused by oxidative stress.

It also established that hydrogen water, due to its small size and weight, was able to pass easily and quickly through membranes, which improved its potential as a powerful antioxidant.

There may, thus, be a way to prevent the brain damage that leads to the hormone resistance discussed above. Hydrogen water can scavenge for and neutralise free radicals that are responsible for oxidative damage to cells.

Hydrogen water also triggers the activation of the body's own antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione. It, therefore, enables the body to lead its own fight against oxidative stress by making available the enzymes that lead this fight.

Cautionary Notes

  1. Hydrogen water is not a magic bullet. Drinking litres of hydrogen water while stuffing your body with trans fats and empty refined carbohydrates is not a solution to metabolic syndrome. It will simply be overwhelmed by the oxidation caused by the unhealthy food. In addition to a healthy diet, however, it could be effective. Even better, if you used to lead an unhealthy lifestyle and have now changed your ways, it may help to undo the damage.
  2. The overwhelming majority of the research on hydrogen water is less than ten years old. While researchers have produced dozens of studies that have all confirmed the antioxidant properties of hydrogen water, the extent of its antioxidant power has not been well established. In other words, we know that it fights oxidative stress, but we do not know how well it does so. This is why you should not rely on it as a panacea against all oxidative damage until some long term studies have provided substantial proof. In the meantime, maintain a healthy diet and exercise program and use the hydrogen water as a supplement.
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Assessing the Effectiveness of Hydrogen-Rich Water: How Beneficial Is It?

We originally wrote this blog in 2014, and back then it wasn't so much a blog as an introduction followed by a link to an open-label pilot study called 'Effectiveness of Hydrogen Rich Water on Antioxidant Status of Subjects with Potential Metabolic Syndrome'.

In the years since the publication of that particular paper, hydrogen-rich water has gone overground, becoming a hot topic in the wellness world not only as "a novel therapeutic and preventive strategy for metabolic syndrome", as suggested in that 2010 paper, but a possible therapeutic aid against all manner of health challenges.

In this article, we intend to summarise just some of the literature which has been published on this topic, and suggest ways in which the mighty antioxidant might be of value.

What Does Hydrogen-Rich Water Do?

As noted in the aforementioned 2010 study, “consumption of hydrogen-rich water for 8 weeks resulted in a 39% increase in antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and a 43% decrease (p<0.05) in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in urine.

“Further, subjects demonstrated an 8% increase in high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and a 13% decrease in total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol from baseline to week 4.”

These results were noteworthy, to be sure, but there have been many studies since which have broadened our appreciation for just what hydrogen-rich water can do. Let us look firstly at some of the most recent ones.

• Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity and the gut flora in female juvenile soccer players from Suzhou, China (2018): After 8 weeks of drinking hydrogen-rich water, subjects exhibited “significantly reduced serum malondialdehyde, interleukin-1, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-? levels; then significantly increased serum superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity levels and haemoglobin levels of whole blood.”

What’s more, “the consumption of hydrogen-rich water improved the diversity and abundance of the gut flora in athletes,” leading researchers to suggest that its “selective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities” were responsible.

With gut diversity credited as one of the key metrics for overall health, this was an especially fascinating finding.

• Hydrogen-rich water for improvements of mood, anxiety, and autonomic nerve function in daily life (2018): The study aimed to assess the efficacy of drinking hydrogen-rich water on Quality of Life markers among adult volunteers. Researchers used psychophysiological tests including questionnaires and tests of autonomic nerve and cognitive function.

Subjects in the hydrogen-rich water group drank two glasses per day, for four weeks, while the placebo group drank regular water. Findings suggested that “administration for 4 weeks may have improved the Quality of Life of adult volunteers in terms of improved mood and anxiety and reduced activity of the sympathetic nervous system at rest.”

• Protective effect of hydrogen-rich water on liver function of colorectal cancer patients treated with mFOLFOX6 chemotherapy (2017) : The potential for hydrogen-rich water to mitigate against liver injury caused by this particular method of chemotherapy was studied, with the ‘damaging effects’ of mFOLFOX6 represented by increased ALT, AST and IBIL levels.

While “the hydrogen-rich water group exhibited no significant differences in liver function before and after treatment… the placebo group exhibited significantly elevated levels of ALT, AST and IBIL. Thus, hydrogen-rich water appeared to alleviate the mFOLFOX6-related liver injury.”

• Effects of hydrogen-rich water on depressive-like behaviour in mice (2016): Chinese researchers investigated the effects of drinking hydrogen-rich water on the depressive-like behaviour of mice exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress. They concluded that “Hydrogen-rich water significantly attenuated the depressive-like behaviour exhibited by the stress group mice, suggesting that hydrogen-rich water may prevent the development and progression of depressive-like behaviour.

“Our data suggest that the beneficial effects of hydrogen-rich water on depressive-like behaviour may be mediated by suppression of the inflammasome activation resulting in attenuated protein IL-1? and ROS production.”

It’s not just dense, jargon-rife studies, either: with articles in Elle and Huffington Post, among others, hydrogen-infused water is becoming more well-known by the day.

How to Make Hydrogen-Rich Water

There are several ways of producing hydrogen-rich water, as demonstrated by the various administration methods favoured in scientific studies.

Options include hydrogen-rich water, intravenous drip infusion of hydrogen-rich saline, hydrogen baths (typically for topical conditions) and even inhalation with 2-3% hydrogen gas.

Suffice to say, though, that hydrogen-rich water is the route you want to go down: at least outside of a clinical setting. The only drawback is that most hydrogen water devices cost upwards of £1,000.

At Water for Health, we offer several hydrogen-rich water systems which won’t break the bank. Most of them are special water alkalisers whose bioceramic minerals stimulate the release of H2 into the water. However, we also stock the super powerful HydroTab, which provides a much higher concentration of molecular hydrogen: 10 parts-per-million.

By simply dropping a tablet into a glass of water, you can have ready-made H2-rich water in under two minutes.


The bio-benefits of molecular hydrogen are sure to warrant continued scientific investigation, although at this stage it would be defeatist to claim “the jury is out”. The results of the aforementioned studies, and many more like them, are nothing short of remarkable.

Hydrogen-infused water is GRAS Certified by the FDA, assuring product safety (i.e. an absence of side effects), and as the positive reviews and research papers continue to pile up, we’ll be sure to keep you updated.

Of course, if you’re already failing to consume enough H20 – you know, plain water without any dissolved hydrogen gas – that is something you should probably look to remedy as soon as possible!

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